Family Medicine Facts
Family medicine is the most versatile of all physician specialties, providing comprehensive medical care to patients of all genders and all ages, and family physicians are just as diverse as their patients.
Family physicians deliver care in a variety of settings, including:
- Office practices
- Nursing homes
- Community health centers
- Urgent care centers
- Emergency rooms
- University-based health centers
Family physicians have the flexibility to tailor their clinical services to the unique needs of their patients and their situations. In addition to office-based procedural training, family physicians receive training in hospital-based medicine, including critical care and obstetrical procedures. Family physicians have the flexibility to incorporate procedures into their patient care as their skills and interests evolve and demand for various services develops in their community.
The following tables illustrate the diversity and variety of AAFP members and their practices.
Table 1: Membership in the AAFP by Membership Category
The AAFP has approximately 129,000 members, including active members, residents, and students.
Table 2: Selected Demographic Characteristics of AAFP Members
The AAFP has a diverse membership of men and women of various ages practicing in urban and rural settings.
Table 3: Ethnicity/Race and Sexual Orientation of AAFP Members
AAFP members represent different ethnicity, races and sexual orientation.
Table 4: Selected Practice Characteristics of Active AAFP Members
AAFP members practice medicine in a variety of settings, from private clinics to emergency departments, from solo practices to hospital systems.
Table 5: Mean and Median 2014 Individual Income of Family Physicians
AAFP members had a mean individual income of $195,310 in 2014.
Table 6: Average Number of Weeks Family Physicians Practiced
AAFP members worked an average of 47 weeks in the last year.
Table 7: Average Number of Patient Encounters Per Week by Setting
Each week, the average AAFP member saw patients during 74office visits, five hospital visits, three nursing home visits, and zero house calls.
Table 8: Average Number of Hours Worked Per Week by Family Physicians by Task
AAFP members spent an average of 47 hours each week engaged in direct, face-to-face patient contact.
Table 9: Patient Health Care Insurance Coverage
AAFP members see patients with a variety of insurance coverage from traditional health plans, to Medicaid and Medicare, to the uninsured.
Table 10: Medicare Participation by Family Physicians
Approximately 94 percent of AAFP members participate in Medicare.
Table 11: Acceptance of Medicare Patients
More than 81 percent of AAFP members are accepting new Medicare patients.
Table 12: Acceptance of Medicaid Patients
More than 68 percent of AAFP members are accepting new Medicaid patients.
Table 13: Clinical Services Performed by Physicians
AAFP members perform a variety of services in their practices including care of infants, children, adolescents, geriatrics and urgent care.
Table 14: Clinical Procedures Performed by Physicians at their Practice
AAFP members perform a variety of procedures in their practices including dermatologic procedures and physical therapy.
Table 15: CLIA Classification of Family Physicians' Office Laboratories
AAFP member physicians’ office laboratories vary in the complexity of tests performed.
Table 16: Performance of Laboratory Tests
More than 22 percent of AAFP member physicians’ office laboratories perform more than 40 tests.
Table 17: Hospital Admission Privileges
More than 50 percent of AAFP member physicians have hospital admission privileges.
Table 18: Number of Babies Delivered
Nineteen percent of AAFP members report delivering babies, and those members delivered 6 babies on average in 2014.
Table 19: Residency Programs by Structure
More than half of family medicine residency programs are community-based and affiliated with a medical school.
Table 20: Selected Statistics for Residency Programs
Family medicine residency programs have a diverse population of residents from United States and international medical graduates.
Table 21: Number of Accredited Programs, Approved First-Year Positions, etc.
In 2014, there were a total of 10,662 family medicine residents, filling 99.8 percent of the 477 accredited residency programs.
Table 23: Total Educational Debt Burden for Residency Graduates
Twenty percent of family medicine residency graduates have between $200,000 and $249,999 in educational debt.