Graham Center One-Pager

The Importance of Having Health Insurance and a Usual Source of Care

Am Fam Physician. 2004 Sep 15;70(6):1035.

The effects of insurance and having a usual source of care are additive. Efforts to improve health care access for all should provide a medical home and health insurance.

Efforts to increase access to health care typically focus on providing health insurance or on securing a place that will care for the uninsured. Strong evidence suggests that having a usual source of care produces better health outcomes, reduced disparities, and reduced costs.1,2 Growing evidence suggests that the combination of health insurance and having a usual source of care has additive effects for quality,3 and that insurance changes that disrupt continuity relationships can lead to higher costs and poorer quality for up to a year.4 The 1996 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey shows that these two options are independently associated with differences in how patients receive care in physicians’ offices, hospital outpatient departments, hospitals, and their homes (see accompanying figure). The notable exception is the emergency department, the only setting in which care is universally accessible by law. However, it is the combination or lack of both that reveal the greatest difference in how patients receive care in an average month.

For adults and children of all socioeconomic backgrounds, access to a usual source of care and insurance have an additive effect on the care they receive and their health outcomes. As the public prepares for the next round of providing health care coverage for all persons, it is important to recognize that everyone needs insurance and a medical home.

Out of 1,000 people in an average month

note:The populations depicted in the smaller boxes are not necessarily subsets of the populations in the larger boxes, and the populations are not mutually exclusive.

View Large

Out of 1,000 people in an average month


note:The populations depicted in the smaller boxes are not necessarily subsets of the populations in the larger boxes, and the populations are not mutually exclusive.

Out of 1,000 people in an average month


note:The populations depicted in the smaller boxes are not necessarily subsets of the populations in the larger boxes, and the populations are not mutually exclusive.

note: The information and opinions contained in research from the Graham Center do not necessarily reflect the views or the policy of the AAFP.

Adapted from the Graham Center One-Pager #29. Phillips RL, Proser M, Green LA, Fryer GE, McCann J, Dodoo MS. The importance of having health insurance and a usual source of care. September 2004. Available online at: http://www.graham-center.org/onepager29.xml. From the Robert Graham Center: Policy Studies in Family Medicine and Primary Care, 1350 Connecticut Ave., NW, Suite 201, Washington, DC 20036 (telephone: 202–331–3360; fax: 202-331-3374; e-mail: policy@aafp.org).

 

REFERENCES

1. De Maeseneer JM, De Prins L, Gosset C, Heyerick J. Provider continuity in family medicine. Ann Fam Med. 2003;1:144–8.

2. Starfield B, Shi L. The medical home, access to care, and insurance. Pediatrics. 2004;113(5 suppl):1493–8.

3. DeVoe JE, Fryer GE, Phillips R, Green L. Receipt of preventive care among adults. Am J Public Health. 2003;93:786–91.

4. Franks P, Cameron C, Bertakis KD. On being new to an insurance plan. Ann Fam Med. 2003;1:156–61.


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