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Am Fam Physician. 2010 Aug 1;82(3):230.

Encouraging Physical Activity Among Frail Older Persons

Original Article: Physical Activity Guidelines for Older Adults

Issue Date: January 1, 2010

Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p55.html

to the editor: In their article, Drs. Elsawy and Higgins present useful information on the positive impact of physical activity in older adults. The authors also recommend strategies that physicians can employ to help older adults become more active and, therefore, healthier. A few additional points can be made on this topic.

First, it is important to realize that physical activity is essential for health and wellness promotion in patients of all ages, including those who are older and frail. A structured fitness program for frail older persons can maintain or improve physical function and prevent loss of independence by preserving activities of daily living.

Although few studies have explored the effects of physical activity in older persons, one study examined the effects of moderate-or high-intensity exercise on physical frailty in older persons (more than 80 percent of participants were wheelchair-bound).1 The study found that persons in the exercise group had greater improvement in functional activity than those in the control group.

Second, several strategies can be used to encourage physical activity in frail older persons. Exercises should be innovative, fun, social, and sustainable. For example, at the

Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, veterans who reside in the community living center (nursing home) have access to a Nintendo Wii gaming system. This system has gained popularity in long-term care settings, because the actions are intuitive and easy for residents to do. The residents enjoy the virtual competitive sports, such as tennis and bowling, which permit physical activity and socializing at the same time. Some of these activities are also suitable for those who are wheelchair-bound.2

Author disclosure: Nothing to Disclose

REFERENCES

1. Meuleman JR, Brechue WF, Kubilis PS, Lowenthal DT. Exercise training in the debilitated aged: strength and functional outcomes. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2000;81(3):312–318.

2. Wii isn’t just for kids [video]. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/video/#/video/health/2009/04/19/video.game.helps.vets.rehab.cnn?iref=24hours. Accessed January 11, 2010.

Send letters to Kenneth W. Lin, MD, MPH, Associate Deputy Editor for AFP Online, e-mail: afplet@aafp.org, or 11400 Tomahawk Creek Pkwy., Leawood, KS 66211-2680.

Please include your complete address, e-mail address, and telephone number. Letters should be fewer than 400 words and limited to six references, one table or figure, and three authors.

Letters submitted for publication in AFP must not be submitted to any other publication. Possible conflicts of interest must be disclosed at time of submission. Submission of a letter will be construed as granting the American Academy of Family Physicians permission to publish the letter in any of its publications in any form. The editors may edit letters to meet style and space requirements.


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