Letters to the Editor

Clarification Regarding AFP's Conflict of Interest Policy



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Am Fam Physician. 2014 Feb 1;89(3):151-152.

  Related editorial: AFP's Conflict of Interest Policy: Disclosure Is Not Enough.

Original Article: Dermoscopy for the Family Physician

Issue Date: October 1, 2013

Available at: http://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1001/p441.html

TO THE EDITOR: I have some concerns regarding the editor's note at the end of this article. The editor, Dr. Siwek, stated that the article's first author, Dr. Marghoob, had initially failed to disclose some potential conflicts of interest. After they were discovered, the editors concluded that the article was “an unbiased and nonpromotional description” of dermoscopy. I would argue that it was self-promotional.

In the body of the article, the authors stated that “improvement in diagnostic accuracy is contingent on acquiring [formal] dermoscopy training.” Feeling that this may be something worthwhile for my practice, I did a quick Google search for dermoscopy courses. I found only three courses offered in the United States, and was disappointed to discover that Dr. Marghoob was the course director for two of them and guest faculty for the third. This leads me to believe that Dr. Marghoob certainly has much to gain professionally and financially by recommending formal training in dermoscopy.

I am not suggesting that family physicians should perform dermoscopy without training. My concern, though, is that there may have been an inadequate representation of the author's conflicts of interest and potential gains from publication of the article.

Author disclosure: No relevant financial affiliations.

IN REPLY: Although I am pleased that some of the dermoscopy courses I direct were the first ones found on Dr. Jeppesen's search, there are other courses available, including an annual dermoscopy course at the Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., and courses at the American Academy of Family Physicians and American Academy of Dermatology annual meetings. I did not promote any specific dermoscopy course in my article. Instead, I was simply emphasizing the proven fact that formal training in dermoscopy improves diagnostic performance.14 Although I organize and teach a dermoscopy course sponsored by the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City, I receive no financial compensation for this work.

The most important message from my article is that dermoscopy has a critical role in potentially lowering the morbidity and mortality associated with skin cancer. Dermoscopy courses, irrespective of who teaches them, are an effective means of educating physicians about this technique.14

Author disclosure: Dr. Marghoob reports receiving dermoscope prototypes for testing from the four major manufacturers of this device; receiving honoraria for speaking on the topic of dermoscopy; and participating in Institutional Review Board–approved research projects funded by the National Institutes of Health and Melanoma Research Alliance, some of which partnered with companies that produce dermoscopes.

REFERENCES

1. Troyanova P. A beneficial effect of a short-term formal training course in epiluminescence microscopy on the diagnostic performance of dermatologists about cutaneous malignant melanoma. Skin Res Technol. 2003; 9(3):269–273.

2. Pagnanelli G, Soyer HP, Argenziano G, et al. Diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions by dermoscopy: web-based training improves diagnostic performance of non-experts. Br J Dermatol. 2003;148(4):698–702.

3. Argenziano G, Puig S, Zalaudek I, et al. Dermoscopy improves accuracy of primary care physicians to triage lesions suggestive of skin cancer. J Clin Oncol. 2006;24(12):1877–1882.

4. Liebman TN, Goulart JM, Soriano R, et al. Effect of dermoscopy education on the ability of medical students to detect skin cancer. Arch Dermatol. 2012;148(9):1016–1022.

IN REPLY: I appreciate Dr. Jeppesen's careful reading of Dr. Marghoob's disclosure and the accompanying editor's note, as well as his desire to hold American Family Physician's (AFP's) conflict of interest policy to a high standard. To further clarify our policy, had Dr. Marghoob's affiliations been disclosed at the time of submission, we would not have considered his manuscript for publication. As it turned out, we discovered these affiliations at press time. At that point, the executive committee that deals with matters of editorial policy conducted an internal review. There were mixed views on whether to pull the article at that stage in publication, but ultimately the decision was to proceed with publication and run the detailed editor's note that accompanied the article.

AFP's conflict of interest policy is highly atypical among medical journals. Virtually all medical journals permit review articles and editorials written by authors with ties to makers of drugs and medical devices; they simply disclose those affiliations. At AFP, we believe that disclosure is not a sufficient safeguard against bias or the perception of bias, and thus do not permit such affiliations. Our experience is that this policy is often misunderstood, and that authors mistakenly believe that such ties are not disqualifying. For this reason, we ask authors to disclose all relevant financial affiliations before they begin writing for us, and then reconfirm those disclosures during the final processing of their manuscript.

For further clarification on AFP's “no financial affiliations” policy, see the accompanying editorial on page 161.

Send letters to Kenneth W. Lin, MD, MPH, Associate Deputy Editor for AFP Online, e-mail: afplet@aafp.org, or 11400 Tomahawk Creek Pkwy., Leawood, KS 66211-2680.

Please include your complete address, e-mail address, and telephone number. Letters should be fewer than 400 words and limited to six references, one table or figure, and three authors.

Letters submitted for publication in AFP must not be submitted to any other publication. Possible conflicts of interest must be disclosed at time of submission. Submission of a letter will be construed as granting the American Academy of Family Physicians permission to publish the letter in any of its publications in any form. The editors may edit letters to meet style and space requirements.


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