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Information from Your Family Doctor
Unintentional Weight Loss in Older Adults
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Am Fam Physician. 2014 May 1;89(9):online.
See related article on unintentional weight loss in older adults.
How do I know if I'm losing weight or not eating well?
If your clothes are getting loose, it could be a sign you are losing weight. Any of the following could mean you aren't eating well:
You have an illness that makes you change the kind or amount of food you eat
You eat fewer than two meals per day
You don't eat a lot of fruits, vegetables, or milk products
You have three or more alcoholic drinks almost every day
You have tooth or mouth problems that make it hard for you to eat
You don't always have enough money to buy the food you need
You eat alone most of the time
You take at least three different prescription or over-the-counter medicines per day
Without wanting to, you have lost or gained 10 lb in the past six months
You can't always shop, cook, or feed yourself without help
When should I worry about the weight I've lost?
If you are older than 65 years, you should see your doctor if you lose 5% of your body weight over six to 12 months without trying.
What can I do to stop losing weight?
Drink nutrition shakes (examples are Boost and Ensure) 90 minutes before meals to help increase the amount of calories you are getting.
Put flavor enhancers, such as ham, natural bacon, or roast beef flavor, on your food; this may help you to eat more.
Avoid eating alone.
If the cost of or access to food is a problem, ask your doctor about resources that can help you.
This handout is provided to you by your family doctor and the American Academy of Family Physicians. Other health-related information is available from the AAFP online at http://familydoctor.org.
This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject.
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