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Information from Your Family Doctor
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
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Am Fam Physician. 2014 Dec 15;90(12):online.
See related article on developmental dysplasia of the hip.
What is developmental dysplasia of the hip?
Developmental dysplasia (dis-PLAY-zhah) of the hip (DDH) happens in newborns. It is when the ball of the hip joint is not in its socket.
What causes it?
It is not known, but DDH is more common in breech babies, first-born babies, and baby girls. It also runs in families.
How is it diagnosed?
Your doctor can usually feel it when checking your baby's hips in the first few hours after he or she is born. An ultrasound may be needed to get a picture of the hip. Sometimes the problem can't be felt at birth. Your doctor should check your child's hips at each well-baby checkup during the first year of life.
How is it treated?
Sometimes no treatment is needed, and your baby can be rechecked in a few weeks. Other times, the baby might need to wear a harness or a cast for six weeks or longer. In more severe cases, surgery might be needed.
Where can I get more information?
AAFP's Patient Education Resource
Harvard Medical School's Patient Education Center
International Hip Dysplasia Institute
This handout is provided to you by your family doctor and the American Academy of Family Physicians. Other health-related information is available from the AAFP online at http://familydoctor.org.
This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject.
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