CCTA and Radionuclide Stress Testing Similar for Evaluation of Chest Pain
Am Fam Physician. 2015 Dec 1;92(11):1022.
Is coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) better than stress testing for detecting coronary artery disease?
For the evaluation of chest pain in intermediate-risk patients, CCTA is comparable with myocardial perfusion imaging in its ability to select patients for invasive management. Both modalities are also similar when it comes to downstream resource use and adverse cardiovascular events. CCTA is associated with less radiation exposure. (Level of Evidence = 1b)
The effectiveness of a noninvasive coronary imaging modality lies in its ability to identify patients who will need invasive management. In this study, intermediate-risk patients admitted to telemetry for the evaluation of chest pain who clinically required noninvasive imaging were randomized, using concealed allocation, to receive CCTA or radionuclide stress myocardial perfusion imaging. At baseline, the mean age in both groups was 57 years, two-thirds of the patients were women, and more than 90% were ethnic minorities. Analysis was by intention to treat. The primary outcome was the rate of cardiac catheterization that did not lead to revascularization within one year of the imaging test. There was no significant difference between the two groups for this outcome. However, in a subgroup analysis of patients with significantly abnormal results on their imaging test, there was a nonsignificant trend toward fewer catheterizations without revascularization in the CCTA group (25% vs. 52%; P = .083). For secondary outcomes, there were no differences detected between the two groups in length of stay, major adverse cardiovascular events, or downstream resource use, including rehospitalizations and further imaging. The CCTA group had less radiation exposure and reported a better patient experience.
Study design: Randomized controlled trial (nonblinded)
Funding source: Foundation
Setting: Inpatient (any location) with outpatient follow-up
Reference: Levsky JM, Spevack DM, Travin MI, et al. Coronary computed tomography angiography versus radionuclide myocardial perfusion imaging in patients with chest pain admitted to telemetry: a randomized trial. Ann Intern Med. 2015; 163( 3): 174– 183.
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This series is coordinated by Sumi Sexton, MD, Associate Deputy Editor.
A collection of POEMs published in AFP is available at http://www.aafp.org/afp/poems.
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