Practice Guidelines

Early Peanut Introduction and Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants: Consensus Communication


Am Fam Physician. 2016 Jan 1;93(1):61-62.

Key Points for Practice

• Products containing peanuts should be introduced at four to 11 months of age in infants at high risk for allergic disease who live in countries with a prevalence of peanut allergies.

• Consultation with an allergist or expert in managing allergies may be beneficial in infants who have an atopic disease early in life or egg allergies in the first four to six months.

From the AFP Editors

In westernized countries, 1% to 3% of children have a peanut allergy, with almost 100,000 new cases each year in the United States and United Kingdom. This consensus communication focuses on new data that support introducing peanuts early in infants, and it aims to assist with decisions about introduction; it can be used for guidance while formal guidelines are being developed. The consensus communication is from a variety of organizations, including the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology; American Academy of Pediatrics; American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology; Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy; Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; Israel Association of Allergy and Clinical Immunology; Japanese Society for Allergology; Society for Pediatric Dermatology; and World Allergy Organization.

Although previous guidelines suggest that there is no need to wait to introduce peanuts until after four to six months of age, they also did not specifically recommend introducing peanuts in

Coverage of guidelines from other organizations does not imply endorsement by AFP or the AAFP.

This series is coordinated by Sumi Sexton, MD, Associate Deputy Editor.

A collection of Practice Guidelines published in AFP is available at


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Jan 15, 2017

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