Am Fam Physician. 2016 Jul 1;94(1):59.
What is the effect of a Mediterranean-type diet on body weight?
In addition to improving cardiovascular outlook, a Mediterranean diet produced greater sustained weight loss than a low-fat diet and similar weight loss to other diets in patients who were overweight or obese, most of whom had type 2 diabetes mellitus. The range of average weight loss was 3.8 to 10.1 kg (8.4 to 22.3 lb) after one year with a Mediterranean diet vs. a loss of 5.0 kg (11.0 lb) to a gain of 2.9 kg (6.4 lb) with a low-fat diet. (Level of Evidence = 1a−)
The so-called Mediterranean diet consists of high consumption of fruits and vegetables; monounsaturated
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