POEMs

Mediterranean Diet Produces Moderate Weight Loss

 


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Am Fam Physician. 2016 Jul 1;94(1):59.

Clinical Question

What is the effect of a Mediterranean-type diet on body weight?

Bottom Line

In addition to improving cardiovascular outlook, a Mediterranean diet produced greater sustained weight loss than a low-fat diet and similar weight loss to other diets in patients who were overweight or obese, most of whom had type 2 diabetes mellitus. The range of average weight loss was 3.8 to 10.1 kg (8.4 to 22.3 lb) after one year with a Mediterranean diet vs. a loss of 5.0 kg (11.0 lb) to a gain of 2.9 kg (6.4 lb) with a low-fat diet. (Level of Evidence = 1a−)

Synopsis

The so-called Mediterranean diet consists of high consumption of fruits and vegetables; monounsaturated

POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) are provided by EssentialEvidence Plus, a point-of-care clinical decision support system published by Wiley-Blackwell. For more information, please see http://www.essentialevidenceplus.com. Copyright Wiley-Blackwell. Used with permission.

For definitions of levels of evidence used in POEMs, see http://www.essentialevidenceplus.com/product/ebm_loe.cfm?show=oxford.

To subscribe to a free podcast of these and other POEMs that appear in AFP, search in iTunes for “POEM of the Week” or go to http://goo.gl/3niWXb.

This series is coordinated by Sumi Sexton, MD, Associate Deputy Editor.

A collection of POEMs published in AFP is available at http://www.aafp.org/afp/poems.



 

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