POEMs

Genetic Test Results That Identify Increased Risk Do Not Change Behavior

 


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Am Fam Physician. 2016 Jul 15;94(2):168.

Clinical Question

Does genetic testing for disease risk motivate patients to change their behavior?

Bottom Line

Patients informed via genetic test results that they were at increased risk of disease did not subsequently alter their behaviors. For example, persons at increased risk of diabetes mellitus or hypertension were no more likely to change their diet or increase their physical activity. Fancy tests do not appear to be motivators for behavior change. (Level of Evidence = 1a−)

Synopsis

These researchers identified 18 studies by searching five databases, including the Cochrane Register, as well as by performing citation searches. The studies

POEMs (patient-oriented evidence that matters) are provided by EssentialEvidence Plus, a point-of-care clinical decision support system published by Wiley-Blackwell. For more information, please see http://www.essentialevidenceplus.com. Copyright Wiley-Blackwell. Used with permission.

For definitions of levels of evidence used in POEMs, see http://www.essentialevidenceplus.com/product/ebm_loe.cfm?show=oxford.

To subscribe to a free podcast of these and other POEMs that appear in AFP, search in iTunes for “POEM of the Week” or go to http://goo.gl/3niWXb.

This series is coordinated by Sumi Sexton, MD, Associate Deputy Editor.

A collection of POEMs published in AFP is available at http://www.aafp.org/afp/poems.



 

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