Am Fam Physician. 2016 Oct 1;94(7):547.
Does stretching reduce the risk of injury during exercise?
Stretching before exercise does not reduce the risk of injury. (Strength of Recommendation [SOR]: B, based on meta-analyses of lower-quality randomized controlled trials [RCTs].) However, it may slightly reduce postexercise muscle soreness. (SOR: B, based on an RCT.)
A 2011 systematic review studied the effect of various interventions—including stretching—over five days to one year on the prevention of lower-limb soft tissue overuse injuries.1 In six trials (N = 5,130), stretching did not decrease lower-limb soft tissue injuries (relative risk [RR] = 0.85; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.65 to 1.1).
A 2008 systematic review of four RCTs (N = 3,953) and three controlled clinical trials (CCTs; N >
REFERENCESshow all references
1. Yeung SS, et al. Interventions for preventing lower limb soft-tissue running injuries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(7):CD001256....
2. Small K, et al. A systematic review into the efficacy of static stretching as part of a warm-up for the prevention of exercise-related injury. Res Sports Med. 2008;16(3):213–231.
3. Goldman EF, et al. Interventions for preventing hamstring injuries. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(1):CD006782.
4. Herbert RD, et al. Stretching to prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(7):CD004577.
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