Sleep Disorders in Adults

Editors' Choice of Best Available Content

This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on sleep disorders in adults and related issues, including continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), excessive daytime sleepiness, insomnia, night sweats, nocturnal leg cramps, obstructive sleep apnea, pharmacologic treatment options for insomnia, restless leg syndrome, and sleep apnea. New research may affect the interpretation and application of this material. Clinical judgment is advised. Note that AFP content published within the past 12 months is accessible to AAFP members and paid subscribers only.



Screening, Diagnosis, and Prevention


Patient Education, Self-Care


08/15/2013 Management of Common Sleep Disorders
08/15/2012 Nocturnal Leg Cramps Algorithm Differential Diagnosis
03/01/2009 Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Algorithm

Screening, Diagnosis, and Prevention

05/01/2011 Clinical Indicators of Obstructive Sleep Apnea [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
03/01/2003 Diagnosing Night Sweats



05/15/2017 Treatment of Chronic Insomnia in Adults: ACP Guideline [Practice Guidelines] new
09/01/2016 Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults
12/15/2015 Nonpharmacologic Management of Chronic Insomnia Algorithm
07/01/2014 ACP Releases Guideline on the Management of OSA [Practice Guidelines]
02/15/2013 AASM Updates Treatment Guidelines for Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement Disorder [Practice Guidelines]
02/15/2013 Primary Insomnia in Older Persons [Clinical Evidence Handbook]
01/15/2010 Sleep Apnea [Clinical Evidence Handbook]
08/15/2007 Treatment Options for Insomnia Algorithm Patient Education

Specific Treatments

06/15/2016 Suvorexant (Belsomra) for Insomnia [STEPS]
11/01/2011 Antidepressants for the Treatment of Insomnia in Patients with Depression [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
08/15/2011 Doxepin (Silenor) for Insomnia [STEPS]
04/15/2006 Ramelteon (Rozerem) for Insomnia [STEPS]
03/01/2006 Oral Appliances for Obstructive Sleep Apnea? [Cochrane for Clinicians]
06/15/2005 Eszopiclone (Lunesta) for Treatment of Transient and Chronic Insomnia [STEPS]
04/15/2003 Valerian

Patient Education, Self-Care

09/01/2016 How to Recognize OSA and What It Means for Your Health Patient Education
08/15/2012 Nocturnal Leg Cramps Patient Education
01/15/2009 Help with Chronic Insomnia Patient Education
07/15/2008 Restless Legs Syndrome: What You Should Know Patient Education
10/01/2005 Sleep Changes in Older Adults Patient Education
02/01/2004 CPAP for Sleep Apnea Patient Education


AAFP's Patient Information Resource

Sleep Apnea

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