AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION
Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.
Oct 1, 2011 Issue
ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2011-2012 Season
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued its annual guideline on vaccination against influenza. It includes information on a newly licensed intradermal vaccine, a change in the number of vaccine doses required in children six months to eight years of age, and recommendations on vaccination in persons allergic to eggs.
Sep 15, 2011 Issue
ACOG Guideline on Sexual Dysfunction in Women
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released guidelines on sexual dysfunction in women. Sexual dysfunction is common in U.S. women but is underdiagnosed and undertreated, partly because patients are not likely to discuss it with their physician unless they are asked. In addition to patients' reluctance to initiate a conversation about sex, obstacles for physicians include a lack of adequate training and confidence, a perception that there are few treatment options, inadequate time to obtain a sexual history, and underestimation of the prevalence of sexual dysfunction.
Sep 1, 2011 Issue
AAO-HNS Guidelines for Tonsillectomy in Children and Adolescents
Although tonsillectomy is common and improves patients' quality of life, there are possible risks and practice variations in the care of patients undergoing tonsillectomy. Recent guidelines from the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO–HNS) aim to provide physicians with evidence-based guidance on identifying patients one to 18 years of age who would most benefit from the procedure.
Aug 15, 2011 Issue
IDSA Guidelines on the Treatment of MRSA Infections in Adults and Children
The prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in the United States continues to increase, with more than 94,000 cases of invasive disease reported in 2005. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has released its first evidence-based guidelines on the treatment of MRSA infections.
Aug 1, 2011 Issue
Updated Dietary Guidelines from the USDA and HHS
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) jointly created the updated version of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2010. The updated guidelines are based on two main concepts: focusing on balancing caloric intake over time to reach and maintain a healthy body weight; and consuming more nutrient-dense foods and beverages in place of those high in sodium, saturated fats, added sugars, and refined grains.
Jul 15, 2011 Issue
ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have created a guideline to assist physicians with the early cardiovascular risk assessment of asymptomatic adults.
Jul 1, 2011 Issue
CDC Updates Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently updated its guidelines on the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The new guidelines focus on treatment, but also discuss prevention strategies and diagnostic recommendations.
Jun 15, 2011 Issue
AAP Revises Policy Statement on the Use of Postnatal Corticosteroids for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major morbidity in very preterm infants that negatively affects neurodevelopmental outcomes and is resistant to therapeutic interventions. A 2002 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement determined that the routine use of dexamethasone to prevent or treat chronic lung disease in preterm infants could not be recommended. This revised statement evaluates the information published since 2002 and updates recommendations for the use of corticosteroids in infants with BPD.
Jun 15, 2011 Issue
NIAID Releases Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy
Food allergy can be difficult to diagnose. Because diagnosis and management options vary, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) helped develop guidelines to provide physicians with “best practices” for diagnosing and treating patients with food allergy.
Jun 1, 2011 Issue
AAP Updates Guidelines for Evaluating Simple Febrile Seizures in Children
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently updated its guidelines on the neurodiagnostic evaluation of simple febrile seizures in neurologically healthy children six to 60 months of age.