AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION
Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.
Jul 15, 2011 Issue
ACCF/AHA Release Guideline for Early Cardiovascular Risk Assessment
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among adults in the United States. Because coronary heart disease (CHD) has a long asymptomatic latent period, there is an opportunity for early preventive measures. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have created a guideline to assist physicians with the early cardiovascular risk assessment of asymptomatic adults.
Jul 1, 2011 Issue
CDC Updates Guidelines on Diagnosis and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently updated its guidelines on the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The new guidelines focus on treatment, but also discuss prevention strategies and diagnostic recommendations.
Jun 15, 2011 Issue
AAP Revises Policy Statement on the Use of Postnatal Corticosteroids for Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a major morbidity in very preterm infants that negatively affects neurodevelopmental outcomes and is resistant to therapeutic interventions. A 2002 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) policy statement determined that the routine use of dexamethasone to prevent or treat chronic lung disease in preterm infants could not be recommended. This revised statement evaluates the information published since 2002 and updates recommendations for the use of corticosteroids in infants with BPD.
Jun 15, 2011 Issue
NIAID Releases Guidelines on Diagnosis and Management of Food Allergy
Food allergy can be difficult to diagnose. Because diagnosis and management options vary, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) helped develop guidelines to provide physicians with “best practices” for diagnosing and treating patients with food allergy.
Jun 1, 2011 Issue
AAP Updates Guidelines for Evaluating Simple Febrile Seizures in Children
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently updated its guidelines on the neurodiagnostic evaluation of simple febrile seizures in neurologically healthy children six to 60 months of age.
Jun 1, 2011 Issue
IOM Releases Report on Dietary Refernce Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) assessed current information on potential health outcomes associated with calcium and vitamin D.
May 15, 2011 Issue
APA Releases Guidelines on Treatment of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) recently updated its guideline on the treatment of major depressive disorder. The new evidence-based guideline summarizes recommendations on the use of antidepressants and other drug therapies; psychotherapy, including cognitive behavior therapy; and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
May 1, 2011 Issue
CDC Updates Guidelines for the Prevention of Perinatal GBS Disease
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcus (GBS) disease in 1996; the guidelines were updated in 2002 and again in 2010. The most recent guidelines elaborate on laboratory methods and thresholds for GBS identification, discuss a change to the recommended dose of penicillin G for antibiotic prophylaxis, and provide updates on prophylactic regimens for patients who are allergic to penicillin.
Apr 15, 2011 Issue
AHA/ASA Guidelines on Prevention of Recurrent Stroke
Persons who survive a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are at increased risk of experiencing another stroke. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA) have released updated guidelines on preventing recurrent stroke in patients who have had a previous stroke or TIA.
Apr 1, 2011 Issue
AAP Reports on Use of Probiotics and Prebiotics in Children
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently reviewed the medical uses of probiotics and prebiotics to help guide physicians in counseling parents about the use of these products as dietary supplements added to foods for children, including infant formula.