AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION
Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.
Jun 1, 2011 Issue
IOM Releases Report on Dietary Refernce Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) assessed current information on potential health outcomes associated with calcium and vitamin D.
May 15, 2011 Issue
APA Releases Guidelines on Treatment of Patients with Major Depressive Disorder
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) recently updated its guideline on the treatment of major depressive disorder. The new evidence-based guideline summarizes recommendations on the use of antidepressants and other drug therapies; psychotherapy, including cognitive behavior therapy; and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
May 1, 2011 Issue
CDC Updates Guidelines for the Prevention of Perinatal GBS Disease
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published guidelines for the prevention of perinatal group B streptococcus (GBS) disease in 1996; the guidelines were updated in 2002 and again in 2010. The most recent guidelines elaborate on laboratory methods and thresholds for GBS identification, discuss a change to the recommended dose of penicillin G for antibiotic prophylaxis, and provide updates on prophylactic regimens for patients who are allergic to penicillin.
Apr 15, 2011 Issue
AHA/ASA Guidelines on Prevention of Recurrent Stroke
Persons who survive a stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) are at increased risk of experiencing another stroke. The American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Stroke Association (ASA) have released updated guidelines on preventing recurrent stroke in patients who have had a previous stroke or TIA.
Apr 1, 2011 Issue
AAP Reports on Use of Probiotics and Prebiotics in Children
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently reviewed the medical uses of probiotics and prebiotics to help guide physicians in counseling parents about the use of these products as dietary supplements added to foods for children, including infant formula.
Mar 15, 2011 Issue
ICSI Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of ADHD in Children
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common condition marked by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) has released guideline on diagnosis and management of ADHD in children.
Mar 1, 2011 Issue
AAP Reports on Diagnosis and Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia
Iron is the most common single-nutrient deficiency among children in developing countries and is a common cause of anemia in industrialized nations. A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides information on the diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency anemia.
Feb 15, 2011 Issue
AAN Releases Guideline on Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Diagnosing Acute Ischemic Stroke
Computed tomography (CT) is the diagnostic standard for acute stroke even though its accuracy has not been formally established. Its sensitivity for diagnosing ischemic stroke in the initial hours is limited; therefore, improved accuracy is needed to develop and provide optimal stroke treatment. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) evaluated the evidence for the use of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke.
Feb 1, 2011 Issue
ACIP Releases 2011 Immunization Schedules
Each year the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updates the recommended immunization schedules for children, adolescents, and adults. These schedules describe the immunizations recommended for routine administration in each age group and include revisions and new recommendations adopted by ACIP in the previous 12 months.
Jan 15, 2011 Issue
ACOG Updates Recommendations on Vaginal Birth After Previous Cesarean Delivery
The rate of cesarean delivery has increased dramatically in the United States over the past four decades, perpetuated somewhat by the dictum “once a cesarean, always a cesarean.” However, evidence has shown that many women who have had a cesarean delivery can safely deliver vaginally in subsequent pregnancies. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) has released updated recommendations on vaginal birth after previous cesarean delivery.