Practice Guidelines

Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.

Nov 15, 2010 Issue
ACOG Recommendations on Emergency Contraception
American College of Obstetricians Gynecologists (ACOG) recommendations on emergency contraception. Common indications include contraceptive failure (e.g., condom breakage, missed doses of oral contraceptives) and failure to use any form of contraception.

Nov 1, 2010 Issue
AAN Updates Guidelines on Evaluating Driving Risk in Patients with Dementia
Quality Standards Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) updated guidelines for the evaluation and management of driving risk in persons with dementia. The new evidence-based guidelines offer characteristics that can help to identify persons that are at risk of unsafe driving.

Oct 15, 2010 Issue
AAP Recommendations on Vaccination Against Streptococcus Pneumoniae Infection
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) releases recommendations on Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccination. In February 2010, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration licensed a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13; Prevnar 13) for use in children two through 71 months of age. PCV13 will replace PCV7.

Oct 15, 2010 Issue
ACCP Releases Statement on Dyspnea Treatment in Patients with Advanced Lung or Heart Disease
The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) wrote a consensus statement to influence clinical practice and provide suggestions regarding the management of dyspnea in patients with advanced lung or heart disease.

Oct 1, 2010 Issue
CDC Updates Guidelines for Influenza Vaccination for 2010-2011 Season
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released updated recommendations on influenza control for the 2010–2011 season. Seasonal influenza vaccines in 2010–2011 will contain A/California/7/2009 (H1N1)-like, A/Perth/16/2009 (H3N2)-like, and B/Brisbane/60/2008-like antigens. The influenza A (H1N1) vaccine virus is derived from the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus.

Sep 15, 2010 Issue
IDSA Releases Guidelines on Management of Cryptococcal Disease
The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) recently updated its guidelines on the management of cryptococcal disease. The new guidelines include a discussion of the management of cryptococcal meningoencephalitis in three risk groups: patients who are HIV-positive, organ transplant recipients, and non– HIV-infected and nontransplant hosts. The new guidelines also include specific recommendations for other high-risk groups, such as children, pregnant women, patients in environments with limited health care resources, and those with Cryptococcus gattii infection.

Sep 15, 2010 Issue
Updated Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment of Intra-Abdominal Infections
The Surgical Infection Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America recently updated recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of intra-abdominal infections. Intra-abdominal infections are the second most common cause of infectious mortality in intensive care units. Complicated intra-abdominal infection, which extends into the peritoneal space, is associated with abscess formation and peritonitis.

Sep 1, 2010 Issue
AAN Recommendations on Symptomatic Treatment for Muscle Cramps
Muscle cramps occur when the motor system is stressed by neuromuscular disease, a medical condition, or a physiologic process, such as dehydration or excessive exercise. Cramps are also common during the last trimester of pregnancy. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) recommends that quinine derivatives, although likely effective, not be used routinely in these patients. These agents should be considered only when cramps are disabling and after other pharmacologic therapies have been attempted.

Sep 1, 2010 Issue
AAP Updates Guidelines on Immunoprophylaxis for RSV Infection
Although RSV bronchiolitis usually manifests as acute upper respiratory tract infection, more serious disease involving the lower respiratory tract can develop. Preterm infants and those with congenital heart disease (CHD) or chronic lung disease of prematurity (also called bronchopulmonary dysplasia) are particularly at risk of developing lower respiratory tract illness. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently updated its recommendations on the use of palivizumab for immunoprophylaxis of RSV infection.

Aug 15, 2010 Issue
ICSI Releases Guideline on Chronic Pain Assessment and Management
The Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) released a guideline on the assessment and management of chronic pain in adults and physiologically mature adolescents 16 to 18 years of age.

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