AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION
Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.
Sep 15, 2010 Issue
Updated Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment of Intra-Abdominal Infections
The Surgical Infection Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America recently updated recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of intra-abdominal infections. Intra-abdominal infections are the second most common cause of infectious mortality in intensive care units. Complicated intra-abdominal infection, which extends into the peritoneal space, is associated with abscess formation and peritonitis.
Sep 1, 2010 Issue
AAN Recommendations on Symptomatic Treatment for Muscle Cramps
Muscle cramps occur when the motor system is stressed by neuromuscular disease, a medical condition, or a physiologic process, such as dehydration or excessive exercise. Cramps are also common during the last trimester of pregnancy. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) recommends that quinine derivatives, although likely effective, not be used routinely in these patients. These agents should be considered only when cramps are disabling and after other pharmacologic therapies have been attempted.
Sep 1, 2010 Issue
AAP Updates Guidelines on Immunoprophylaxis for RSV Infection
Although RSV bronchiolitis usually manifests as acute upper respiratory tract infection, more serious disease involving the lower respiratory tract can develop. Preterm infants and those with congenital heart disease (CHD) or chronic lung disease of prematurity (also called bronchopulmonary dysplasia) are particularly at risk of developing lower respiratory tract illness. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently updated its recommendations on the use of palivizumab for immunoprophylaxis of RSV infection.
Aug 15, 2010 Issue
ICSI Releases Guideline on Chronic Pain Assessment and Management
The Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) released a guideline on the assessment and management of chronic pain in adults and physiologically mature adolescents 16 to 18 years of age.
Aug 1, 2010 Issue
ACOG Guidelines on Noncontraceptive Uses of Hormonal Contraceptives
Many of women use hormonal contraception for its noncontraceptive benefits, such as making menstruation more predictable and correcting menstrual irregularities caused by oligo-ovulation or anovulation. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) provides guidelines on these noncontraceptive uses.
Jul 15, 2010 Issue
ADA Releases Updated Recommendations on Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes
The 2010 American Diabetes Association's (ADA) “Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes” includes revisions based on new evidence. Several sections have undergone major changes.
Jul 1, 2010 Issue
AGS Releases Guideline for Prevention of Falls in Older Persons
Recommendations from the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) guide physicians in screening older patients for risk of falling and preventing falls among those at increased risk.
Jun 15, 2010 Issue
International Consensus Group Issues Recommendations for Management of Upper GI Bleeding
In response to new data that may lead to improved patient outcomes, the International Consensus Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding Conference Group—a multidisciplinary group of 34 experts from 15 countries—developed international guidelines for managing nonvariceal upper GI bleeding. The guidelines include new recommendations, as well as updates to the 2002 guidelines from the British Society of Gastroenterology and the 2003 consensus guidelines from the Nonvariceal Upper GI Bleeding Consensus Conference Group.
Jun 1, 2010 Issue
ACOG Updates Guidelines on Cervical Cytology Screening
One approach to further reduce the incidence of cervical cancer is to increase screening rates among women who have never been screened or who are screened infrequently. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recently updated its recommendations on screening for cervical cancer, including screening intervals.
May 15, 2010 Issue
Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Hoarseness
The American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery Foundation has released evidence-based guidelines for the evaluation and management of hoarseness. The goals of the guidelines are to improve diagnostic accuracy; reduce inappropriate medication and imaging use; and promote appropriate use of laryngoscopy, voice therapy, and surgery.