AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION
Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.
Jul 1, 2013 Issue
CDC Issues Recommendations for Identifying HCV Infection in Persons Born in 1945 Through 1965
Identifying HCV infection through testing is important to improve health outcomes in persons born in 1945 through 1965, because of increased risk of liver cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and extrahepatic complications. The HCV Birth Cohort Testing Work Group, including experts from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and other medical and professional organizations, has released birth-year–based recommendations to augment the 1998 HCV testing guidelines from the CDC.
Jun 15, 2013 Issue
AAP Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Children
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) commonly occurs in children, and if not treated, can cause complications. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) originally released a guideline on the diagnosis and management of OSAS in children in 2002, but because of the significant increase in research on OSAS, the guideline was updated in 2012.
Jun 1, 2013 Issue
AUA Releases Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment of Overactive Bladder
Overactive bladder is characterized by urinary symptoms including urgency, frequency, and nocturia, with or without urge incontinence. The American Urological Association (AUA) recently published recommendations to provide a clinical framework for the diagnosis and treatment of non-neurogenic overactive bladder.
May 15, 2013 Issue
AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular Artial Fibrillation
New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on antithrombotics for the prevention of first and additional strokes in patients with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA).
May 1, 2013 Issue
AUA Guideline Addresses Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Follow-Up of Asymptomatic Microhematuria
The American Urological Association (AUA) has released a guideline to direct physicians and patients during the diagnosis, evaluation, and follow-up of asymptomatic microhematuria in adults. Microhematuria is defined as the presence of three or more red blood cells per high-power field on a properly collected urinary specimen.
Apr 15, 2013 Issue
AAN/AHS Update Recommendations for Migraine Prevention in Adults
Studies suggest that more than one-third of persons with migraine need preventive therapy; however, only 3 to 13 percent use it. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and American Headache Society (AHS) recently reviewed studies published since 2000 to determine which therapies reduce migraine frequency or severity, or reduce the number of days with migraine.
Apr 1, 2013 Issue
ACR Issues Recommendations on Therapies for Osteoarthritis of the Hand, Hip, and Knee
The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has released updated recommendations for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hip and knee, and has developed new recommendations for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the hand. These recommendations are categorized as strong or conditional.
Mar 15, 2013 Issue
IDSA Releases Guidelines for Management of Acute Bacterial Rhinosinusitis
The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) has released a guideline for the management of acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in children and adults in the community or emergency department settings. Each recommendation includes a quality of evidence grade (i.e., strong or weak) and a strength-of-recommendation weighting (i.e., high, moderate, low, or very low).
Mar 1, 2013 Issue
AAO-HNS Releases Guideline on Sudden Hearing Loss
This guideline from the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) focuses on sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL), which affects 5 to 20 per 100,000 persons in the United States. Early diagnosis is essential for effective management.
Feb 15, 2013 Issue
AASM Updates Treatment Guidelines for Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement Disorder
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) last published recommendations on the treatment of restless legs syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movement disorder in 2004. It recently updated these recommendations based on a literature review and meta-analysis.