AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION
Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.
Nov 15, 2012 Issue
Updated Guidelines from AASM for the Treatment of Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes
The updated guidelines on central sleep apnea from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) includes levels of recommendations (standard or option) based on the overall quality of evidence (high, moderate, low, or very low). Central sleep apnea syndromes are characterized by sleep-disordered breathing associated with absent or diminished respiratory effort.
Nov 1, 2012 Issue
AACE Releases Guidelines for Menopausal Hormone Therapy
Menopause is diagnosed in women who have not had menses for one year. The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) convened a task force to review available evidence on therapies for menopausal symptoms. The task force's guidelines include recommendations for prescribing menopausal hormone therapies, and for weighing the risks and benefits in individual patients.
Oct 15, 2012 Issue
NHLBI Expert Panel Releases Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children
Evidence indicates that reducing risk can slow the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHBLI) Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents developed guidelines to help health care professionals promote cardiovascular health and to identify and manage risk factors in children and adolescents. Although it is rare for cardiovascular disease to manifest in children and adolescents, risk factors and behaviors do start in childhood.
Oct 1, 2012 Issue
ACCF and AHA Update Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a common genetic cardiovascular disease that affects approximately one out of every 500 persons. The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have updated guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of HCM.
Oct 1, 2012 Issue
ACIP Updates Guideline on Influenza Vaccination for 2012-2013 Season
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued its annual guideline on influenza vaccination. This year’s guideline provides information on dosing considerations for children six months to eight years of age, febrile seizures associated with trivalent inactivated vaccine (TIV) and the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13), and vaccination of persons allergic to eggs.
Sep 15, 2012 Issue
ACS Releases Updated Guidelines on Cancer Screening
The American Cancer Society (ACS) has released its annual update of guidelines for cancer screening, with recommendations covering cancers of the breast, cervix, colon and rectum, and prostate. For each cancer site, the guidelines address the affected population, associated tests or procedures, and the appropriate frequency of screening for average-risk, asymptomatic persons.
Sep 1, 2012 Issue
AAN, AANEM, and AAPMR Publish Guideline for Treatment of Painful Diabetic Neuropathy
Painful diabetic neuropathy is a chronic disease that affects approximately 16 percent of patients who have diabetes mellitus. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN), the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM), and the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (AAPMR) have developed an evidence-based guideline for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy.
Aug 15, 2012 Issue
CDC Recommends New Treatment Regimen for Latent Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Infection
Tuberculosis is a contagious and potentially fatal disease transmitted by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has issued recommendations for the treatment of latent M. tuberculosis infection. The new regimen consists of isoniazid and rifapentine (Priftin) administered once per week for 12 weeks as directly observed therapy.
Aug 1, 2012 Issue
AAN Updates Guideline on Treatment of Essential Tremor
Propranolol and primidone (Mysoline) are the most commonly used therapies for essential tremor, but these agents are ineffective for up to one-half of patients. In 2005, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) published recommendations for the use of other therapies for essential tremor.
Jul 15, 2012 Issue
PIDS and IDSA Issue Management Guidelines for Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Young Children
Previously published guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in adults have been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality rates. The Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society (PIDS) and the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) have created new guidelines to address the management of CAP in infants and children.