AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION
Practice Guidelines summarize important clinical recommendations from major medical organizations and the federal government.
Jul 1, 2012 Issue
American Urological Association Approach to the Diagnosis and Management of IC/BPS
The American Urological Association has published recommendations aimed at guiding physicians in recognizing interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS), conducting a valid diagnostic process, and treating patients by maximizing symptom control and minimizing adverse effects.
Jun 15, 2012 Issue
ACP Recommendations for VTE Prophylaxis in Hospitalized Patients
Most hospitalized patients have at least one risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), such as pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis. The American College of Physicians (ACP) has released guidelines on VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized, nonsurgical patients, including those with acute stroke.
Jun 1, 2012 Issue
AACAP Updates Recommendations on Diagnosis and Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder in Children
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is common in children, with a prevalence of approximately 1 to 2 percent in the United States, and causes significant disability. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) recently published updated recommendations on the assessment and treatment of OCD in children, incorporating new research and empiric evidence to guide physicians who treat children with OCD.
May 15, 2012 Issue
ACCF/AHA Update Peripheral Artery Disease Management Guideline
The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and American Heart Association (AHA) have updated their 2005 guideline on the management of peripheral artery disease (PAD) based on new data, with particular focus on lower extremity and abdominal aortic disease. Recommendations for renal and mesenteric disease remain the same.
May 1, 2012 Issue
AAP Expands Recommendations on SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Deaths
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a term attributed to any infant death that cannot be explained. Sudden unexpected infant death describes any sudden and unexpected death, whether explained or unexplained, that occurs during infancy. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) first recommended that infants be placed for sleep in a non-prone position in 1992.
Apr 15, 2012 Issue
NICE Updates Guidelines on Management of Chronic Heart Failure
Heart failure is associated with poor prognosis and quality of life, as well as high health care costs. In 2010, the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) updated its previous guideline on the management of chronic heart failure in adults. This update focuses on the role of signs and symptoms, serum natriuretic peptide levels, and echocardiography in the diagnosis of heart failure.
Apr 1, 2012 Issue
AAP Releases Clinical Report on the Impact of Social Media on Children, Adolescents, and Families
The number of children and adolescents using social media Web sites (e.g., Facebook) has significantly increased in the past five years. Research has shown that social media improves communication, social interaction, and technical abilities. Physicians are in a position to talk to families about the digital world and the social and health issues that children may experience. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) also urges physicians to learn more about digital technology to improve their own understanding.
Mar 15, 2012 Issue
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Updates Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines
Breast cancer–related death can be reduced through effective screening, which typically includes imaging, clinical examination, and self-examination or awareness. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends using all three techniques to screen for breast cancer.
Mar 1, 2012 Issue
AAP Reports on the Use of Antipyretics for Fever in Children
In this report, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) reviews the effectiveness of antipyretics for the treatment of fever in children. Fever in children often leads to unscheduled physician visits, telephone calls from parents to physicians for consultation, and the treatment of fever with over-the-counter antipyretics.
Mar 1, 2012 Issue
ADA Releases Revisions to Recommendations for Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes
Caring for patients with diabetes mellitus requires addressing many issues beyond glycemic control. To help physicians provide optimal care for these patients, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) releases annual revisions to its clinical practice recommendations for standards of medical care. The recommendations include screening, diagnostic, and therapeutic actions that have been shown or are believed to have beneficial outcomes in patients with diabetes.