ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Foot and Ankle Disorders

Dec 1, 2005 Issue
Plantar Fasciitis: Evidence-Based Review of Diagnosis and Therapy [Article]

Plantar fasciitis causes heel pain in active as well as sedentary adults of all ages. The condition is more likely to occur in persons who are obese or in those who are on their feet most of the day. A diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is based on the patient's history and physical findings. The accura...


Oct 15, 2004 Issue
Evaluating the Patient with an Ankle or Foot Injury [Point-of-Care Guides]

The Ottawa Ankle and Foot Rules are validated clinical decision rules. The process by which the Ottawa rules were developed and validated serves as a model for researchers in developing decision support tools for other clinical problems.


Jul 15, 2004 Issue
Diagnosing Heel Pain in Adults [Article]

Heel pain is a common condition in adults that may cause significant discomfort and disability. A variety of soft tissue, osseous, and systemic disorders can cause heel pain. Narrowing the differential diagnosis begins with a history and physical examination of the lower extremity to pinpoint the an...


Dec 15, 2003 Issue
Evaluation and Management of Toe Fractures [Article]

Fractures of the toe are one of the most common lower extremity fractures diagnosed by family physicians. Toe fractures most frequently are caused by a crushing injury or axial force such as stubbing a toe. Joint hyperextension and stress fractures are less common. Most patients have point tendernes...


Oct 15, 2003 Issue
Common Stress Fractures [Article]

Lower extremity stress fractures are common injuries most often associated with participation in sports involving running, jumping, or repetitive stress. The initial diagnosis can be made by identifying localized bone pain that increases with weight bearing or repetitive use. Plain film radiographs ...


Oct 1, 2003 Issue
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Ankle and Foot [Article]

Joint and soft tissue injection of the ankle and foot region is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. This article reviews the injection procedure for the plantar fascia, ankle joint, tarsal tunnel, interdigital space, and first metatarsophalangeal joint. Indications for...


Jan 1, 2003 Issue
Tarsal Navicular Stress Fractures [Article]

Stress fractures of the tarsal navicular bone are being recognized with increasing frequency in physically active persons. Diagnosis is commonly delayed, and outcome often suffers because physicians lack familiarity with the condition. Navicular stress fractures typically present in a running athlet...


Nov 1, 2002 Issue
Diabetic Foot Ulcers: Pathogenesis and Management [Article]

Foot ulcers are a significant complication of diabetes mellitus and often precede lower-extremity amputation. The most frequent underlying etiologies are neuropathy, trauma, deformity, high plantar pressures, and peripheral arterial disease. Thorough and systematic evaluation and categorization of f...


Sep 1, 2002 Issue
Foot Fractures That Are Frequently Misdiagnosed As Ankle Sprains [Article]

Most ankle injuries are straightforward ligamentous injuries. However, the clinical presentation of subtle fractures can be similar to that of ankle sprains, and these fractures are frequently missed on initial examination. Fractures of the talar dome may be medial or lateral, and they are usually t...


Jun 15, 2002 Issue
Ingrown Toenail Removal [Article]

Ingrown toenail is a common problem resulting from various etiologies including improperly trimmed nails, hyperhidrosis, and poorly fitting shoes. Patients commonly present with pain in the affected nail but with progression, drainage, infection, and difficulty walking occur. Excision of the lateral...


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