ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Foot and Ankle Disorders

Jun 1, 2002 Issue
Corns and Calluses Resulting from Mechanical Hyperkeratosis [Article]

The formation of corns and calluses can be caused by mechanical stresses from faulty footgear (the wearing of poorly fitting shoes), abnormal foot mechanics (deformity of the foot exerting abnormal pressure), and high levels of activity. Corns and calluses result from hyperkeratosis, a normal physio...


Apr 15, 2002 Issue
American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons: Diagnosis and Treatment of Heel Pain [Practice Guidelines]

The American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons (ACFAS) has developed a guideline on heel pain. The guideline contains pathways (algorithms) for the treatment of heel pain based on underlying cause.


Nov 1, 2001 Issue
Charcot Foot: The Diagnostic Dilemma [Article]

Primary care physicians involved in the management of patients with diabetes are likely to encounter the diagnostic and treatment challenges of pedal neuropathic joint disease, also known as Charcot foot. The acute Charcot foot is characterized by erythema, edema and elevated temperature of the foot...


Sep 1, 2001 Issue
Over-the-Counter Foot Remedies [Article]

Several effective and inexpensive over-the-counter treatments are available for minor but troubling foot problems. In most cases, one week of therapy with topical terbinafine is effective for interdigital tinea pedis. Treatment of plantar warts with 17 percent salicylic acid with lactic acid in a co...


Feb 1, 2001 Issue
Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis [Article]

Plantar fasciitis is a common cause of heel pain in adults. The disorder classically presents with pain that is particularly severe with the first few steps taken in the morning. In general, plantar fasciitis is a self-limited condition. However, symptoms usually resolve more quickly when the interv...


Jan 1, 2001 Issue
Management of Ankle Sprains [Article]

Without adequate care, acute ankle trauma can result in chronic joint instability. Use of a standardized protocol enhances the management of ankle sprains. In patients with grades I or II sprains, emphasis should be placed on accurate diagnosis, early use of RICE (rest, ice, compression and elevatio...


May 1, 1999 Issue
Fractures of the Proximal Fifth Metatarsal [Article]

Fractures of the proximal portion of the fifth metatarsal may be classified as avulsions of the tuberosity or fractures of the shaft within 1.5 cm of the tuberosity. Tuberosity avulsion fractures cause pain and tenderness at the base of the fifth metatarsal and follow forced inversion during plantar...


Apr 15, 1999 Issue
Plantar Fasciitis and Other Causes of Heel Pain [Article]

The most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis. It is usually caused by a biomechanical imbalance resulting in tension along the plantar fascia. The diagnosis is typically based on the history and the finding of localized tenderness. Treatment consists of medial arch support, anti-inflammat...


Jul 01, 1998 Issue
Lisfranc Injury of the Foot: A Commonly Missed Diagnosis [Article]

Lisfranc joint injuries are rare, complex and often misdiagnosed. Typical signs and symptoms include pain, swelling and the inability to bear weight. Clinically, these injuries vary from mild sprains to fracture-dislocations. On physical examination, swelling is found primarily over the midfoot regi...


Jun 1, 1998 Issue
The Charcot Foot in Diabetes: Six Key Points [Article]

The Charcot foot commonly goes unrecognized, particularly in the acute phase, until severe complications occur. Early recognition and diagnosis, immediate immobilization and a lifelong program of preventive care can minimize the morbidity associated with this potentially devastating complication of ...


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