ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
In April 2016, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) updated its recommendation on the use of aspirin to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). Because emerging evidence suggested that aspirin may also be useful for the prevention of cancer, for the first time, the USPSTF developed a recom...
Jan 15, 2017 Issue
Statin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Adults: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF recommends that adults without a history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) (i.e., symptomatic coronary artery disease or ischemic stroke) use a low- to moderate-dose statin for the prevention of CVD events and mortality when all of the following criteria are met: (1) they are aged 40 to 75 ...
Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation reduces cardiovascular mortality and hospitalization. There is no evidence that it reduces the rates of total mortality, myocardial infarctions, coronary artery bypass grafts, or percutaneous coronary interventions.
Oct 15, 2016 Issue
Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer [Putting Prevention into Practice]
S.L. is a 55-year-old man who presents to your office for a routine refill of his antihypertension medication. He also takes a statin and an antidepressant. Although he smokes, his blood pressure and cholesterol are well controlled. His history and physical examination are unremarkable.
Oct 15, 2016 Issue
Aspirin Use for the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease and Colorectal Cancer: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]
The USPSTF recommends initiating low-dose aspirin use for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) in adults aged 50 to 59 years who have a 10% or greater 10-year CVD risk, are not at increased risk for bleeding, have a life expectancy of at least 10 years, ...
Cardiac troponin T and I are released into the bloodstream when cardiac muscle is damaged. Cardiac troponin tests have been available for decades and are the preferred biomarkers for the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, until recently, they lacked sensitivity in the first few hours following an acute myocardial injury.
Learn which diet and physical activity strategies have the best supporting evidence to prevent the leading causes of death in the United States.
The high-sensitivity troponin I assay used in this study was fairly accurate in identifying patients with chest pain who are at low risk of cardiac events.
In patients with established CV disease and type 2 diabetes, the addition of empagliflozin to standard therapy reduces all-cause mortality and CV mortality. This is notable because empagliflozin is the only drug other than metformin to demonstrate a mortality benefit, albeit for a fairly narrow group of patients.
Mar 1, 2016 Issue
Influenza Vaccination for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Influenza vaccination may reduce cardiovascular mortality in patients with established cardiovascular disease. The effect of vaccination is unclear among patients in the general population without known cardiovascular disease.