ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Learn which diet and physical activity strategies have the best supporting evidence to prevent the leading causes of death in the United States.
The high-sensitivity troponin I assay used in this study was fairly accurate in identifying patients with chest pain who are at low risk of cardiac events.
In patients with established CV disease and type 2 diabetes, the addition of empagliflozin to standard therapy reduces all-cause mortality and CV mortality. This is notable because empagliflozin is the only drug other than metformin to demonstrate a mortality benefit, albeit for a fairly narrow group of patients.
Mar 1, 2016 Issue
Influenza Vaccination for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Influenza vaccination may reduce cardiovascular mortality in patients with established cardiovascular disease. The effect of vaccination is unclear among patients in the general population without known cardiovascular disease.
The American Heart Association (AHA) and American Diabetes Association (ADA) joined together to release statements on preventing CVD in persons with diabetes.
The authors of this guideline give a more nuanced and less aggressive approach to lipid lowering than other groups. For the primary prevention of CVD, check blood pressure and lipids (nonfasting is fine) to calculate the 10-year CVD risk. If greater than 12%, treat; if 12% or less, discuss treatment with the patient.
For patients with suspected stable CAD, adding CT coronary angiography had no short-term effect on patient symptoms or hospitalizations but increased the number of coronary angiograms. Additionally, more patients who had CT coronary angiography underwent preventive treatment and anti-anginal treatment.
Sep 15, 2015 Issue
ECG, Echocardiography, or MPI for Cardiac Screening: Guidance from the ACP [Practice Guidelines]
In the United States, one in three deaths is from cardiovascular disease; coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death. This guideline from the American College of Physicians (ACP) provides recommendations on cardiac screening using these modalities.
Sep 15, 2015 Issue
Behavioral Counseling to Promote a Healthful Diet and Physical Activity for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention in Adults with Cardiovascular Risk Factors [Putting Prevention into Practice]
J.W., a 34-year-old man who smokes, presents for his annual checkup for hypertension. Hisblood pressure is elevated (142/95 mm Hg), and he has gained 10 lb (4.5 kg) since his lastvisit. J.W. is now considered overweight, with a body mass index (BMI) of 27 kg per m2. He reports no other symptoms or problems.
Sep 1, 2015 Issue
Should Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening of Athletes Include ECG? No: There Is Not Enough Evidence to Support Including ECG in the Preparticipation Sports Evaluation [Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine]
Although there are many reasons to conduct preparticipation sports examinations, there is insufficient evidence to support cardiac screening with ECG.