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Knee Disorders

Apr 15, 2005 Issue
Iliotibial Band Syndrome: A Common Source of Knee Pain [Article]

Iliotibial band syndrome is a common knee injury. The most common symptom is lateral knee pain caused by inflammation of the distal portion of the iliotibial band. The iliotibial band is a thick band of fascia that crosses the hip joint and extends distally to insert on the patella, tibia, and bicep...


Mar 15, 2005 Issue
Evaluating the Patient with a Knee Injury [Point-of-Care Guides]

Traditionally, physical examination maneuvers, such as the Lachman test, the pivot shift, the anterior drawer, and the McMurray test, have been recommended for patients with acute or subacute knee injury.


Sep 1, 2003 Issue
Evaluation of Patients Presenting with Knee Pain: Part I. History, Physical Examination, Radiographs, and Laboratory Tests [Article]

Family physicians frequently encounter patients with knee pain. Accurate diagnosis requires a knowledge of knee anatomy, common pain patterns in knee injuries, and features of frequently encountered causes of knee pain, as well as specific physical examination skills. The history should include char...


Sep 1, 2003 Issue
Evaluation of Patients Presenting with Knee Pain: Part II. Differential Diagnosis [Article]

Knee pain is a common presenting complaint with many possible causes. An awareness of certain patterns can help the family physician identify the underlying cause more efficiently. Teenage girls and young women are more likely to have patellar tracking problems such as patellar subluxation and patel...


May 15, 2003 Issue
Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Hip and Knee [Article]

Joint injection of the hip and knee regions is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedure for the greater trochanteric bursa, the knee joint, the pes anserine bursa, the iliotibial band, and the prepatellar bursa is reviewed. Indicatio...


Oct 15, 2002 Issue
Knee Joint Aspiration and Injection [Article]

Knee joint aspiration and injection are performed to aid in diagnosis and treatment of knee joint diseases. The knee joint is the most common and the easiest joint for the physician to aspirate. One approach involves insertion of a needle 1 cm above and 1 cm lateral to the superior lateral aspect of...


Sep 1, 2002 Issue
Lateral Knee Pain after Aerobic Exercise [Photo Quiz]

Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.


Aug 1, 2000 Issue
Intra-articular Hyaluronic Acid Injections for Knee Osteoarthritis [Article]

Knee osteoarthritis is a common but often difficult problem to manage in primary care. Traditional nonsurgical management, consisting of lifestyle modification, physical therapy and pharmacologic therapy (e.g., analgesics, anti-inflammatory medications), is often ineffective or leaves residual sympt...


Apr 15, 2000 Issue
Acute Knee Effusions: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis [Article]

Knee effusions may be the result of trauma, overuse or systemic disease. An understanding of knee pathoanatomy is an invaluable part of making the correct diagnosis and formulating a treatment plan. Taking a thorough medical history is the key component of the evaluation. The most common traumatic c...


Jan 15, 2000 Issue
Knee Braces: Current Evidence and Clinical Recommendations for Their Use [Article]

Methods of preventing and treating knee injuries have changed with the rapid development and refinement of knee braces. Prophylactic knee braces are designed to protect uninjured knees from valgus stresses that could damage the medial collateral ligaments. However, no conclusive evidence supports th...


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