ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Musculoskeletal Care

Aug 15, 2012 Issue
Nocturnal Leg Cramps [Article]

Up to 60 percent of adults report that they have had nocturnal leg cramps. The recurrent, painful tightening usually occurs in the calf muscles and can cause severe insomnia. The exact mechanism is unknown, but the cramps are probably caused by muscle fatigue and nerve dysfunction rather than electr...


Jun 15, 2012 Issue
Update on Acute Ankle Sprains [Article]

Ankle sprains are a common problem seen by primary care physicians, especially among teenagers and young adults. Most ankle sprains are inversion injuries to the lateral ankle ligaments, although high sprains representing damage to the tibiofibular syndesmosis are becoming increasingly recognized. P...


Apr 15, 2012 Issue
Common Finger Fractures and Dislocations [Article]

Finger fractures and dislocations are common injuries that are often managed by family physicians. A systematic physical examination is imperative to avoid complications and poor outcomes following these injuries. Radiography (commonly anteroposterior, true lateral, and oblique views) is required in...


Feb 1, 2012 Issue
Evaluating Acutely Injured Patients for Internal Derangement of the Knee [Article]

Although historical findings have some value in diagnosing internal derangement of the knee, a thorough physical examination can often rule out fracture and ligamentous and meniscal injuries. The Ottawa Knee Rule can help physicians determine which patients require radiography. Positive physical exa...


Dec 1, 2011 Issue
Prolotherapy for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain [Editorials]

Prolotherapy is an injection-based complementary therapy for common chronic musculoskeletal conditions including tendinopathy, knee osteoarthritis, and low back pain. It involves the injection of irritant solutions into tender ligamentous and tendinous attachments and adjacent joint spaces.


Oct 15, 2011 Issue
Diagnosis of Heel Pain [Article]

Heel pain is a common presenting symptom in ambulatory clinics. There are many causes, but a mechanical etiology is most common. Location of pain can be a guide to the proper diagnosis. The most common diagnosis is plantar fasciitis, a condition that leads to medial plantar heel pain, especially wit...


Sep 15, 2011 Issue
Diagnosis and Treatment of Plantar Fasciitis [Article]

Plantar fasciitis, a self-limiting condition, is a common cause of heel pain in adults. It affects more than 1 million persons per year, and two-thirds of patients with plantar fasciitis will seek care from their family physician. Plantar fasciitis affects sedentary and athletic populations. Obesity...


Jun 1, 2011 Issue
Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis [Article]

Knee osteoarthritis is a common disabling condition that affects more than one-third of persons older than 65 years. Exercise, weight loss, physical therapy, intra-articular corticosteroid injections, and the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and braces or heel wedges decrease pain and imp...


Feb 15, 2011 Issue
Adhesive Capsulitis: A Review [Article]

Adhesive capsulitis is a common, yet poorly understood, condition causing pain and loss of range of motion in the shoulder. It can occur in isolation or concomitantly with other shoulder conditions (e.g., rotator cuff tendinopathy, bursitis) or diabetes mellitus. It is often self-limited, but can pe...


Feb 1, 2011 Issue
Osteochondrosis: Common Causes of Pain in Growing Bones [Article]

Osteochondrosis is a term used to describe a group of disorders that affect the growing skeleton. These disorders result from abnormal growth, injury, or overuse of the developing growth plate and surrounding ossification centers. The exact etiology of these disorders is unknown, but genetic causes,...


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