ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Tobacco Abuse

Nov 1, 2017 Issue
Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Patients Being Treated for or Recovering from Substance Use Disorders [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Pharmacotherapy alone and pharmacotherapy plus counseling are effective for tobacco cessation among patients being treated for or recovering from alcohol and substance use disorders. Counseling interventions without pharmacotherapy are not effective for tobacco cessation among patients in treatment for or recovery from substance use disorders.


Sep 1, 2017 Issue
Varenicline for Smoking Cessation [Medicine by the Numbers]

Do the benefits outweigh the harms of using varenicline (Chantix) for smoking cessation? Read more to find out.


May 15, 2016 Issue
Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Women: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The USPSTF recommends that clinicians ask all adults about tobacco use, advise them to stop using tobacco, and provide behavioral interventions and U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)–approved pharmacotherapy for cessation to adults who use tobacco.


May 15, 2016 Issue
Behavioral and Pharmacotherapy Interventions for Tobacco Smoking Cessation in Adults, Including Pregnant Women [Putting Prevention into Practice]

A 40-year-old woman presents for a routine antepartum visit. She is 20 weeks pregnant and smokes half a pack of cigarettes per day despite efforts to quit. She has no other concerns, and her physical examination findings are normal. The patient asks if your clinic offers services to help with tobacc...


Mar 15, 2016 Issue
Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes may be more effective than placebo devices for smoking cessation. They may also aid in smoking reduction, but the quality of available evidence is low. Little is known about their safety.


Feb 1, 2016 Issue
Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Electronic cigarettes with nicotine increase smoking cessation rates compared with placebo, with effectiveness similar to that of nicotine patches. In addition, more patients using electronic cigarettes with nicotine were able to halve their use of cigarettes than those using placebo electronic ciga...


Nov 15, 2014 Issue
Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care clinicians provide interventions, including education or brief counseling, to prevent initiation of tobacco use in school-aged children and adolescents.


Nov 15, 2014 Issue
Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Tobacco Use in Children and Adolescents [Putting Prevention into Practice]

A 14-year-old male high school student presents for a preparticipation physical examination. He just started the 9th grade and is trying out for his school's football team. He is a nonsmoker and has never used illicit drugs. However, his parents are longtime smokers, and some of his older friends on the football team smoke.


Sep 1, 2014 Issue
Electronic Cigarettes: Cautions and Concerns [Editorials]

E-cigarettes are gaining popularity as a novel approach to smoking cessation, but data regarding safety and effectiveness are lacking. Until there is further research into the benefits and risks of e-cigarettes, physicians should recommend more familiar alternatives to help their patients quit smoking.


Jun 1, 2014 Issue
Varenicline Plus Bupropion SR No Better Than Varenicline Alone for Tobacco Cessation [POEMs]

Combination therapy with varenicline and sustained-release bupropion was associated with a significantly higher prolonged abstinence rate compared with varenicline monotherapy at 12 weeks and 26 weeks in adult smokers attempting to quit. By 52 weeks, however, the difference was no longer statistically significant.


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