ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Upper Respiratory Infections

Jul 15, 2011 Issue
Community-Acquired Pneumonia [Clinical Evidence Handbook]

What are the effects of interventions to prevent community-acquired pneumonia? What are the effects of treatments for community-acquired pneumonia in outpatient settings and in persons admitted to a hospital or receiving instensive care?


May 1, 2011 Issue
Croup: An Overview [Article]

Croup is a common illness responsible for up to 15 percent of emergency department visits due to respiratory disease in children in the United States. Croup symptoms usually start like an upper respiratory tract infection, with low-grade fever and coryza followed by a barking cough and various degre...


Mar 15, 2011 Issue
Antibiotics for Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]

Antibiotic therapy does not benefit children with bronchiolitis, the common cold, or nonstreptococcal pharyngitis. If purulent rhinitis is present for more than 10 days, antibiotics shorten the duration of runny nose symptoms.


Dec 1, 2010 Issue
Diagnosis and Treatment of Acute Bronchitis [Article]

Cough is the most common symptom bringing patients to the primary care physician’s office, and acute bronchitis is usually the diagnosis in these patients. Acute bronchitis should be differentiated from other common diagnoses, such as pneumonia and asthma, because these conditions may need specific ...


Nov 15, 2009 Issue
Saline Nasal Irrigation for Upper Respiratory Conditions [Article]

Saline nasal irrigation is a safe and effective adjunctive therapy for symptoms of sinonasal conditions, such as chronic rhinosinusitis, viral upper respiratory tract infection, and allergic rhinitis.


Sep 15, 2008 Issue
Procalcitonin-Guided Treatment of Respiratory Tract Infections [Point-of-Care Guides]

Procalcitonin is a precursor to calcitonin. The final step in the synthesis of calcitonin is inhibited by cytokines and endotoxin released during bacterial infections; therefore, procalcitonin levels are selectively elevated in patients with bacterial infections.


Feb 15, 2007 Issue
Treatment of the Common Cold [Article]

The common cold is a viral illness that affects persons of all ages, prompting frequent use of over-the-counter and prescription medications and alternative remedies. Treatment focuses on relieving symptoms (e.g., cough, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea). Dextromethorphan may be beneficial in adults wit...


Jan 15, 2007 Issue
AAP Publishes Recommendations for the Diagnosis and Management of Bronchiolitis [Practice Guidelines]

Bronchiolitis usually is caused by a viral lower respiratory tract infection and most commonly causes morbidity and mortality in infants. The American Academy of Family Physicians (AAP) has published recommendations for the diagnosis and management of bronchiolitis.


Sep 15, 2006 Issue
Guidelines for the Use of Antibiotics in Acute Upper Respiratory Infections [Article]

To help physicians with the appropriate use of antibiotics in children and adults with upper respiratory tract infection, a multidisciplinary team evaluated existing guidelines and summarized key practice points. Acute otitis media in children should be diagnosed only if there is abrupt onset, signs...


Sep 15, 2004 Issue
Telithromycin (Ketek) for Respiratory Tract Infections [STEPS]

Telithromycin is similar to azithromycin and clarithromycin in side effects, dosing, and cost, but with enhanced activity against S. pneumoniae. Although 30 to 40 percent of S. pneumoniae cases are thought to be resistant to penicillin and/or macrolides, additional clinical trials are needed to dete...


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