Items in AFP with MESH term: Disease Outbreaks

Avian Influenza: Preparing for a Pandemic - Article

ABSTRACT: Avian influenza A (H5N1) first emerged as a global public health threat in 1997 when it caused a major human outbreak in Hong Kong. Endemic in waterfowl and highly virulent in poultry, H5N1 is capable of incidentally infecting humans and other mammals. Although H5N1 is not yet capable of efficient human-to-human transmission, the protean nature of its genome could transform it into the source of the next human influenza pandemic. In the spring of 2006, migrating birds spread the virus from Asia to Europe and Africa. Preparing for a new influenza pandemic involves increasing global influenza surveillance and developing practical strategies for containing outbreaks at the source. Prompt case recognition, isolation, and treatment will be crucial for disease control. Pharmacologic interventions will focus on streamlining the production of vaccine, extending vaccine supplies, stockpiling antiviral drugs such as oseltamivir, and distributing these agents in a timely manner to persons who have the most need. Nonpharmacologic measures will include the use of masks, social distancing, quarantine, travel restrictions, and increasing the emergency capacity of health care systems.


How to Manage a Pertussis Outbreak in Your Practice - Feature


Preparing for an Influenza Pandemic: Vaccine Prioritization - Feature


You, Your Public Health Department and the Next Flu Pandemic - Opinion


Preparing Your Office for an Infectious Disease Epidemic - Feature


Bioterrorism and the Vital Role of Family Physicians - Editorials


Basic Rules of Influenza: How to Combat the H1N1 Influenza (Swine Flu) Virus - Editorials


Telephone Triage of Patients with Influenza - Editorials


The 2006 Childhood and Adolescent Immunization Schedule: Reflections at the 50th Anniversary of the Polio Vaccine - Editorials


Fighting the Silent Epidemic of Poor Oral Health - Editorials



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