Items in AFP with MESH term: Infant, Newborn

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Ultrasonography in Assessment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Editorials


Universal Screening for Hearing Loss in Newborns - Putting Prevention into Practice


Universal Newborn Hearing Screening and Beyond - Editorials


Screening for Asymptomatic Bacteriuria in Adults: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force


Screening for Hepatitis B Virus Infection in Pregnancy: Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force


Vaginal Swelling in a Newborn - Photo Quiz


Primary Care Interventions to Promote Breastfeeding - Putting Prevention into Practice


Evaluation of Anemia in Children - Article

ABSTRACT: Anemia is defined as a hemoglobin level of less than the 5th percentile for age. Causes vary by age. Most children with anemia are asymptomatic, and the condition is detected on screening laboratory evaluation. Screening is recommended only for high-risk children. Anemia is classified as microcytic, normocytic, or macrocytic, based on the mean corpuscular volume. Mild microcytic anemia may be treated presumptively with oral iron therapy in children six to 36 months of age who have risk factors for iron deficiency anemia. If the anemia is severe or is unresponsive to iron therapy, the patient should be evaluated for gastrointestinal blood loss. Other tests used in the evaluation of microcytic anemia include serum iron studies, lead levels, and hemoglobin electrophoresis. Normocytic anemia may be caused by chronic disease, hemolysis, or bone marrow disorders. Workup of normocytic anemia is based on bone marrow function as determined by the reticulocyte count. If the reticulocyte count is elevated, the patient should be evaluated for blood loss or hemolysis. A low reticulocyte count suggests aplasia or a bone marrow disorder. Common tests used in the evaluation of macrocytic anemias include vitamin B12 and folate levels, and thyroid function testing. A peripheral smear can provide additional information in patients with anemia of any morphology.


Screening of Infants for Hyperbilirubinemia to Prevent Chronic Bilirubin Encephalopathy - Putting Prevention into Practice


Screening of Infants for Hyperbilirubinemia to Prevent Chronic Bilirubin Encephalopathy: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force


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