Items in AFP with MESH term: Low Back Pain

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Low Back Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook


Do NSAIDs Help in Acute or Chronic Low Back Pain? - Cochrane for Clinicians


The Care of Low Back Problems: Less Is More - Editorials


Spinal Manipulative Therapy for Low Back Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians


Primary Care Interventions to Prevent Low Back Pain in Adults: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force


Acute Low Back Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook


Chronic Low Back Pain - Clinical Evidence Handbook


When a Patient's Chronic Pain Gets Worse - Curbside Consultation


Diagnosing Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - Point-of-Care Guides


Lumbar Spine Stenosis: A Common Cause of Back and Leg Pain - Article

ABSTRACT: Lumbar spine stenosis most commonly affects the middle-aged and elderly population. Entrapment of the cauda equina roots by hypertrophy of the osseous and soft tissue structures surrounding the lumbar spinal canal is often associated with incapacitating pain in the back and lower extremities, difficulty ambulating, leg paresthesias and weakness and, in severe cases, bowel or bladder disturbances. The characteristic syndrome associated with lumbar stenosis is termed neurogenic intermittent claudication. This condition must be differentiated from true claudication, which is caused by atherosclerosis of the pelvofemoral vessels. Although many conditions may be associated with lumbar canal stenosis, most cases are idiopathic. Imaging of the lumbar spine performed with computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging often demonstrates narrowing of the lumbar canal with compression of the cauda equina nerve roots by thickened posterior vertebral elements, facet joints, marginal osteophytes or soft tissue structures such as the ligamentum flavum or herniated discs. Treatment for symptomatic lumbar stenosis is usually surgical decompression. Medical treatment alternatives, such as bed rest, pain management and physical therapy, should be reserved for use in debilitated patients or patients whose surgical risk is prohibitive as a result of concomitant medical conditions.


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