Please note: This information was current at the time of publication. But medical information is always changing, and some information given here may be out of date. For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics, please visit, the AAFP patient education Web site.

Information From Your Family Doctor

Mourners' Rights

Fam Pract Manag. 2003 Nov-Dec;10(10):50.

Download in PDF format.

An article on this topic is available in the November/December 2001 issue of FPM.

Please note: For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics, please visit, the AAFP patient education Web site.

When your parent, child, sibling or partner dies, you become a mourner. You stay a mourner for at least a year.

While you are a mourner, you are at a higher-than-usual risk for: dying, getting a new illness, getting a flare-up of an illness you already have, not getting enough sleep (or sleeping too much), becoming malnourished, making decisions that you later regret, thinking that you are losing your mind.

On the positive side, you are also more likely than usual to: notice what you appreciate about being alive, become more aware of your deepest values and top priorities, get a clear view of the status of all your relationships. You deserve lots of extra support while you are a mourner.

You deserve help to protect your physical and mental health, and you deserve support to take advantage of what is special and precious about mourning. This is true whether the person who died was young or old, whether the two of you were close or estranged, whether the person died slowly or suddenly, and whether you expected the person's death to "get to you."

In some cultures, a mourner is considered legally insane for a year. The mourner is allowed to blaspheme, break promises, wake people up at night, change his or her mind repeatedly, and express emotions, including anger at the one who has died. While our culture may not provide as much grace to mourners, you should give yourself a break.

Many mourners find that grief takes the shape of a spiral. You spin from feeling normal to grief-stricken, and back again. Often, two members of a mourning family will find themselves on opposite sides of the spiral.

Person A: "I'm OK." "I'm over it." "I can function." "Why can't B move on?"

Person B: "I'm not OK." "It's really hitting me." "I can't function. I can't sleep, can't eat, can't focus, can't stop crying, etc." "Why doesn't A care?"

The swings get less dramatic as time goes by, but they don't stop happening entirely.

If you would like to talk about your grief, or any other issues, please visit your family physician.

This handout is provided to you by your family doctor and the American Academy of Family Physicians. Other health-related information is available from the AAFP online at

This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject.

Copyright © 2003 by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
This content is owned by the AAFP. A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP. Contact for copyright questions and/or permission requests.

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