Kent Moore and Barbara Hays, CPC, CPMA, CPC-I, CEMC
Author disclosures: no relevant financial affiliations disclosed.
Published online ahead of the January/February 2017 print issue on Dec. 12, 2016.
This year’s CPT and Medicare updates include new and revised codes and billing rules that may enable you to get paid for some work you are already doing. Here is a summary of those opportunities and other changes most likely to affect family physicians.
Several changes to the scope of service elements for chronic care management (CCM) clarify or simplify Medicare’s billing requirements. For code 99490, “Chronic care management services, at least 20 minutes of clinical staff time directed by a physician or other qualified health care professional, per calendar month … ,” as well as to two additional codes discussed later in this article, the following changes apply:
For CCM services that require more clinical staff time, more complex medical decision-making, and more substantive care planning than 99490, Medicare is extending payment to two codes:
A change in medication or treatment modality does not qualify for “substantial revision” of a care plan, according to CPT Assistant (November 2013). You can consider identifying beneficiaries who require complex CCM services using criteria suggested in CPT guidance (such as number of illnesses, number of medications or repeat admissions, or emergency department visits) or according to the profile of typical patients described in the CPT introductory language. However, these criteria and examples do not ensure Medicare eligibility for complex CCM.
Prior to 2017, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) considered payment for these codes to be “bundled” with payment made for other services. As with code 99490, you may only report 99487 once per month and only if you are the provider who assumes the care management role with the patient. A beneficiary can be eligible to receive either complex or non-complex CCM during a given month, not both, and only one claim can be submitted to Medicare for CCM for that month.
For 2017, CMS has set the average payment amount (i.e., unadjusted for geography or individual physician bonuses and penalties) for code 99487 at $93.67 and for code 99489 at $47.01.
A new code extends payment for CCM initiating visits that require extensive face-to-face assessment and care planning by the billing provider:
When the provider billing and initiating CCM personally performs extensive assessment and care planning beyond the usual effort described by the E/M, AWV, or IPPE code, the provider could also bill G0506. This is considered an add-on code and does not require a modifier.
You can bill this code separately from the monthly care management service codes (99490, 99487, and 99489). However, the time and effort described by G0506 cannot also be counted toward another code. G0506 can only be billed once per patient per provider.
For 2017, CMS has set the average payment amount for G0506 at $63.88.
Beginning in 2017, CMS will no longer bundle payment for non-face-to-face prolonged services with payment for other E/M services. Codes 99358, “Prolonged evaluation and management service before and/or after direct patient care, first hour,” and +99359, “Each additional 30 minutes (list separately in addition to code for prolonged service),” may be billed separately as long as the time is not also counted toward the provision of any other service.
For 2017, CMS has set the average payment amount for 99358 at $113.41 and for 99359 at $54.55.
The CPT Editorial Panel has approved a code to describe assessment and care planning for patients with cognitive impairment. Although the code will not be ready for use and valuation until 2018, CMS plans to pay for this service in 2017 using a new G-code, G0505, “Cognition and functional assessment using standardized instruments with development of recorded care plan for the patient with cognitive impairment, history obtained from patient and/or caregiver, by the physician or other qualified health care professional in office or other outpatient setting or home or domiciliary or rest home.”
To report G0505, you must provide the following service elements:
G0505 must be furnished by a physician or other appropriate billing provider (e.g., nurse provider or physician assistant) and cannot be billed on the same date of service as any of the following CPT codes:
In addition, Medicare plans to prohibit billing of G0505 with other care planning services, such as home health care and hospice supervision (G0181, G0182) or the new add-on code for CCM services (G0506, described earlier in this article).
CMS does not believe the services described by G0505 will significantly overlap with medically necessary CCM services (CPT codes 99487, 99489, 99490) or transitional care management services (99495, 99496), so you can bill G0505 on the same date of service or within the same service period as these codes.
For 2017, CMS has set the average payment amount for G0505 at $238.30.
Two new CPT codes may be used to report health risk assessments:
You may bill this service if the instrument was administered and scored in a diagnostic setting in conjunction with an office visit. You should not bill 96160 separately when the service is explicitly included in another service being furnished, such as the Medicare AWV. For Medicare purposes, you also should not bill 96160 separately if furnished as a preventive service, because at that point it would describe a non-covered Medicare service.
For 96161, submit the claim using the patient’s beneficiary information, and be sure the health risk assessment documentation resides in the patient’s chart, not the caregiver’s, because the service is being delivered on behalf of the Medicare beneficiary. Medicare plans to pay an average of $4.67 for codes 96160 and 96161.
Several influenza vaccine codes have been redefined to reflect dosage amounts in lieu of age indications. The revised codes include the following:
CPT 2017 includes these new vaccine codes as well:
Two other new vaccine codes that are effective Jan. 1, 2017, won’t appear in the CPT manual until 2018. Both codes represent vaccines that are pending Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval but are usable as soon as the vaccines are approved by FDA:
Some procedures have a 10- or 90-day “global period,” which means that any related follow-up visits in the designated global period are not separately payable by Medicare. Under current law, CMS is required to gather data on these visits so it can more accurately value the procedural services to which the visits are related. To facilitate this analysis, CMS will now require submission of current CPT code 99024, “Postoperative follow-up visit, normally included in the surgical package, to indicate that an evaluation and management service was performed during a postoperative period for a reason(s) related to the original procedure,” by practices with 10 or more providers in the following states: Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Nevada, New Jersey, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, and Rhode Island.
CMS estimates about 260 surgery package codes will be affected by the mandatory reporting. A list will be published on the CMS website prior to the start of the July 1, 2017, reporting period. There is no payment for code 99024 and no penalty for not reporting in the states not listed.
The CPT Editorial Panel has approved four new codes to describe services furnished consistent with a psychiatric collaborative care management model. Although these CPT codes will not be ready for use and valuation until 2018, CMS plans to pay for these services in 2017 using a series of new G-codes, G0502-G0504 and G0507, which will be described in an upcoming Family Practice Management article.
These are just some of the changes to be aware of for 2017. Review Appendix B in the CPT codebook and the additional sections of CPT that you use most often to identify other changes that may be relevant to your practice. You should also review the errata published by CPT(bit.ly). Using the correct codes will facilitate payment of your claims in 2017.
About the Authors
Kent Moore is senior strategist for physician payment for the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) and is a contributing editor to Family Practice Management. Barbara Hays is coding and compliance strategist for the AAFP. Author disclosures: no relevant financial affiliations disclosed.
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CPT Update 2017