Stuart Zeltzer (second from left), a fourth-year medical student at Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine and the student member of the AAFP Commission on Membership and Member Services, is following his mother, Susan Zeltzer, M.D., (left) into family medicine. Zeltzer learned March 18 he had matched into the family medicine residency at Oregon Health & Science University. Also pictured are associate dean Kathleen Franco, M.D., and Zeltzer's father, Elliot.
The 2016 Match saw the most medical students and graduates matched to family medicine in the history of the specialty. Specifically, 3,105 graduating medical students chose family medicine in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP), marking the seventh consecutive year that the number of students picking family medicine increased.
That upward trend is important, but the rate of increase isn't nearly enough to meet demand. Researchers from the Robert Graham Center for Policy Studies in Family Medicine and Primary Care have estimated the shortage of primary care physicians will reach 33,000 by 2035. According to national health care search firm Merritt Hawkins, family physician has been the most highly recruited role in the U.S. health care system for nine consecutive years.
"The bump up this year is the largest in the last several years for family medicine," said Stan Kozakowski, M.D., director of the AAFP Medical Education Division. "While this news is heartening and a step in the right direction, we should not be satisfied with these rather modest results. Far too few students are choosing family medicine to meet the needs of our nation."
- A record 3,105 graduating medical students chose family medicine in the 2016 National Resident Matching Program (NRMP).
- This is the seventh consecutive year that the number of students picking family medicine increased.
- U.S. seniors accounted for 1,481, or 48 percent, of the family medicine positions filled in the NRMP. That was an increase of 59 U.S. grads compared to 2015 and marked the largest single-year bump in four years.
U.S. seniors accounted for 1,481, or 48 percent, of the family medicine positions filled. That was an increase of 59 U.S. grads compared to 2015 and marked the largest single-year bump in four years. The number of U.S. seniors matching into family medicine was nearly 400 more than in 2009, the year before the seven-year stretch of improving match rates began.
The 3,105 med students picking family medicine represent an increase of 45 compared to a year ago. The number of slots offered by family medicine residency programs increased to 3,260, up from 3,216 in 2015. The fill rate was 95.2 percent, up slightly from 95.1 last year.
Most of the 155 unfilled positions were expected to be filled during the NRMP Supplemental Offer and Acceptance Program (SOAP). That process already has taken place, but the numbers from the SOAP weren't reflected in the data released today by the NRMP.
Overall, primary care specialties had a 96.1 percent fill rate, which was similar to 2015. The number of positions offered in primary care increased by 42. Primary care positions accounted for 14.5 percent (4,053 of 27,860) of all positions offered. That figure lags far below recommendations. The Council on Graduate Medical Education, the Association of American Medical Colleges, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Pew Health Professions Commission and others have called for at least 40 percent of U.S. medical graduates to enter generalist careers.
In the American Osteopathic Association Intern/Resident Registration Program, more than one-fourth of the 2,255 matches were in family medicine.
"There is much we can learn from our osteopathic colleagues when it comes to promoting family medicine choice by medical students," Kozakowski said. "We look forward to greater collaboration with them on this vital topic."
The United States invests about $15 billion a year on financing graduate medical education (GME), but AAFP President Wanda Filer, M.D., M.B.A., said taxpayers aren't getting their money's worth. Instead, the country has a fragmented health care system with a heavily specialized workforce.
The AAFP has long called for GME reform. The Academy released a proposal in 2014 with several recommendations, including a call to establish primary care thresholds applicable to all sponsoring institutions and teaching hospitals that receive Medicare and/or Medicaid GME financing.
"One-fourth of all medical students are AAFP members," Filer said. "We're working to close the deal with more of them. We have to do more."
That includes working on payment reform, Filer said. The initial uptick in student interest in family medicine coincided with health care reform policy that introduced new incentives for primary care physicians. Filer said the AAFP now is working to influence the implementation of the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act in a way that will be favorable for primary care.
"We expect that in the new system, primary care will be the centerpiece," Filer said. "Primary care physicians will be paid better and paid differently. Students choosing primary care have made wise choices."
Filer said that when she talks to students about family medicine she touts the specialty's ability to provide comprehensive care to everyone, regardless of age or gender. A recent Graham Center study compared the complexity of primary care visits compared to subspecialist visits, and one author said the research points to the need to adjust payment in favor of primary care.
"Family medicine is not a default choice," Filer said. "You're dealing with more than one organ system. We want the best and the brightest, physicians who will be committed to primary care, willing to make a difference in their communities and ready to take a lead role in the new health care system."