Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation
Grade: B Recommendation
The AAFP recommends screening for depression in the general adult population, including pregnant and postpartum women. Screening should be implemented with adequate systems in place to ensure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and appropriate follow up. (2016)
Grade: B statement
The AAFP recommends screening for major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents 12-18 years of age when adequate systems are in place for diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring. (2016)
Grade: I statement
The AAFP concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for MDD in children age 11 years and younger. (2016)
These recommendations are provided only as assistance for physicians making clinical decisions regarding the care of their patients. As such, they cannot substitute for the individual judgment brought to each clinical situation by the patient's family physician. As with all clinical reference resources, they reflect the best understanding of the science of medicine at the time of publication, but they should be used with the clear understanding that continued research may result in new knowledge and recommendations. These recommendations are only one element in the complex process of improving the health of America. To be effective, the recommendations must be implemented.