Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Illicit Drug Use

Illicit Drug Use

The AAFP concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening adolescents, adults, and pregnant women for illicit drug use. (2008)

(Grade: I recommendation)
Grade Definition: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/grades.htm(www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)
Clinical Considerations: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsdrug.htm(www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)

Illicit or Nonmedical Drug Use, in Children and Adolescents

The AAFP concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of primary care–based behavioral interventions to prevent or reduce illicit drug or nonmedical pharmaceutical use in children and adolescents. This recommendation applies to children and adolescents who have not already been diagnosed with a substance use disorder. (2014)

(Grade: I recommendation)
Grade Definition: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/grades.htm#irec(www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)
Clinical Considerations: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf13/drugmisuse/drugmisusefinalrs.htm#consider(www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)


These recommendations are provided only as assistance for physicians making clinical decisions regarding the care of their patients. As such, they cannot substitute for the individual judgment brought to each clinical situation by the patient's family physician. As with all clinical reference resources, they reflect the best understanding of the science of medicine at the time of publication, but they should be used with the clear understanding that continued research may result in new knowledge and recommendations. These recommendations are only one element in the complex process of improving the health of America. To be effective, the recommendations must be implemented.