Clinical Preventive Service Recommendation

Visual Difficulties and Impairment

Visual Difficulties, Adults

The AAFP concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefit and harms of screening for visual acuity for the improvement of outcomes in older adults. (2009)

(Grade I recommendation)
Grade Definition: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/grades.htm(www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)
Clinical Considerations: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsviseld.htm(www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)

Visual Impairment, Children

The AAFP recommends vision screening for all children at least once between the ages of 3 and 5 years to detect thre presence of amblyopia or its risk factors. (2011)

(Grade: B Recommendation)
Grade Defination: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/gradespost.htm#brec (www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)
Clinical Considerations:
http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf11/vischildren/vischildrs.htm#clinical(www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)

Visual Impairment, Children

The AAFP concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of vision screening for children <3 years of age. (2011)

(Grade: I Statement)
Grade Defination: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/gradespost.htm#irec (www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)
Clinical Considerations:
http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf11/vischildren/vischildrs.htm#clinical(www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org)


These recommendations are provided only as assistance for physicians making clinical decisions regarding the care of their patients. As such, they cannot substitute for the individual judgment brought to each clinical situation by the patient's family physician. As with all clinical reference resources, they reflect the best understanding of the science of medicine at the time of publication, but they should be used with the clear understanding that continued research may result in new knowledge and recommendations. These recommendations are only one element in the complex process of improving the health of America. To be effective, the recommendations must be implemented.