Chronic kidney disease (CKD) affects about 37 million people in the United States, with about 90% not knowing they have it.1 The disease affects kidney structure and function yet may have no signs or symptoms in its early stages. However, patients with CKD can progress to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and the need for dialysis, and have a higher risk of cardiovascular events and death.2,3 As such, diagnosis of CKD and monitoring of kidney function in patients with CKD are important for decreasing morbidity and mortality.4
Read this article to be informed about CKD, its risk factors and comorbidities, and how the laboratory can assist in diagnosis and management.
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