The AAFP believes an employment contract clause with unreasonable restrictive covenants can disrupt the patient-physician relationship. A clause that includes unreasonable geographic, time, or scope of practice constraints may limit continuity of care, access, and patient choice when the physician leaves employment in a practice.
State law governs the enforcement of restrictive covenants. Family physicians are discouraged from entering into an employment contract with an unreasonable restrictive covenant clause. An employment contract that includes language on restrictive covenants should be understood prior to signing.
(Sept 2019 BOD) (2020 COD)