Please note: This information was current at the time of publication. But medical information is always changing, and some information given here may be out of date. For regularly updated information on a variety of health topics, please visit, the AAFP patient education website.

Information from Your Family Doctor

Treating Depression with Medicine


Am Fam Physician. 2015 Jul 15;92(2):online.

  See related article on pharmacologic management of depression in adults

How do medicines for depression work?

Medicines for depression work by increasing levels of chemicals in your brain that help you feel good. These medicines can help people with mild or moderate depression, but they're more effective in people with very bad depression. These medicines work best if you take them every day. They don't work if you take them only on days when you feel bad.

How long do they take to work?

It's different for everyone. Some people start feeling better after just a couple of weeks. Others don't notice any improvements for up to eight weeks. Keep in mind that the changes might be subtle at first. For example, you may notice that your appetite is coming back or that you're sleeping better, even though you still feel the same.

What if I don't notice a difference after eight weeks?

Don't give up. Talk to your doctor about your options. You might need a higher dose of your medicine or a different medicine. Don't increase your dose without talking to your doctor first.

Are there side effects?

Some medicines are less likely to cause side effects than others. Side effects are usually mild, such as headache, stomach upset, or diarrhea. Sometimes these side effects go away after about a week as your body gets used to the medicine. Talk to your doctor if they don't go away. He or she might want you to switch to a different medicine.

Medicines for depression might increase the risk of suicide during the first three months, especially in people younger than 25 years. Tell your family and close friends about this, and ask them to help if they notice anything that concerns them.

Are these medicines addictive?

They aren't addictive, but you might have withdrawal symptoms if you suddenly stop taking your medicine. You might have flu-like symptoms, trouble sleeping, nausea, and balance problems. You might have a “pins and needles” feeling, and you might feel keyed up or jittery. But if you slowly cut down your dose after talking with your doctor, you should be fine.

Is there anything else that can help with my depression?

Yes. Talk to your doctor about counseling, especially a type called cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Depressed feelings are often caused or made worse by how you think about yourself and the world, and by how you react to things. CBT helps you change these thoughts and behaviors in ways that can help you feel better.

Where can I get more information?

Your doctor

American Academy of Family Physicians

AAFP's Patient Information Resource

This handout is provided to you by your family doctor and the American Academy of Family Physicians. Other health-related information is available from the AAFP online at

This information provides a general overview and may not apply to everyone. Talk to your family doctor to find out if this information applies to you and to get more information on this subject.


Copyright © 2015 by the American Academy of Family Physicians.
This content is owned by the AAFP. A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP. Contact for copyright questions and/or permission requests.

Want to use this article elsewhere? Get Permissions

More in AFP

Editor's Collections


Jan 2022

Access the latest issue of American Family Physician

Read the Issue

Email Alerts

Don't miss a single issue. Sign up for the free AFP email table of contents.

Sign Up Now

Navigate this Article