AFP Clinical Answers

Cervical Cancer, Febrile Seizures, HIV Infection, Dyspepsia


Am Fam Physician. 2019 Sep 15;100(6):331.

When should you stop screening for cervical cancer?

Evidence from randomized clinical trials and decision modeling studies suggests that screening beyond 65 years of age in women with adequate screening history would not have significant benefit. The current guidelines by the American Cancer Society, American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology, and American Society for Clinical Pathology define adequate screening as three consecutive negative cytology results or two consecutive negative high-risk human papillomavirus results within 10 years before stopping screening, with the most recent test performed within five years. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends against screening for cervical cancer in women older than 65 years who have had adequate prior screening and are not otherwise at high risk for cervical cancer.

What are the risk factors for recurrent febrile seizures in children?

Risk factors for recurrence of febrile seizure are age younger than 18 months, fever duration of less than one hour before seizure onset, first-degree relative with a history of febrile seizures, and a temperature of less than 104°F (40°C).

What recommendations for initiating ART for HIV infection are supported by randomized controlled trials?

Unless a person has expressed interest in not initiating treatment, physicians should prescribe antiretroviral therapy (ART) immediately after HIV infection is diagnosed, including addressing treatment barriers to allow for ART initiation at the first office visit as appropriate. Most persons with opportunistic infections should receive ART within two weeks of diagnosis. Before starting treatment in any patient, HIV-1 RNA measurement; CD4 cell count; HIV genotyping for nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), non-NRTIs, and protease inhibitors; laboratory testing to identify active viral



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