FPIN's Help Desk Answers
School-Based Asthma Management Programs
Am Fam Physician. 2020 Oct 15;102(8):online.
Do school-based asthma management programs decrease emergency department (ED) visits for asthma?
Comprehensive public school–based programs providing supervised administration of asthma medication and/or education for staff, children, and parents markedly decrease asthma-related ED visits for school-aged children. (Strength of Recommendation: A, based on a systematic review and two randomized controlled trials [RCTs].)
A 2018 systematic review of seven RCTs, one retrospective cohort study, and one prepost design study (N = 1,716) evaluated the effects of school-based asthma therapy on asthma outcomes.1 Participants were urban, school-aged U.S. children with mild intermittent to severe persistent asthma who received supervised doses of inhaled corticosteroids at school. Two of the studies specifically addressed asthma-related ED visits. In one of the RCTs (n = 400), 7% of children in the intervention group visited the ED compared with 15% in the control group (odds ratio = 0.52; 95% CI, 0.32 to 0.84). The retrospective cohort study (n = 84) found a preintervention mean of 0.8 asthma-related ED visits per year vs. the postintervention mean of 0.3 (P < .001). Limitations of the systematic review included a lack of pooled data and inability to generalize results to nonurban schools.
A 2013 RCT (N = 1,316) compared school-based intervention with wait-list controls for asthma outcomes in elementary school children.2 Children were in grades 1 to 5 (mean age = 8.2 years) at 130 public schools in areas with poor air quality in Ontario, Canada. All participants had a diagnosis of asthma and used asthma medications at least three times in the previous year. The asthma education program for the intervention group consisted of six 45- to 60-minute lunchtime sessions delivered by nurses and certified asthma educators, in addition to school-wide public health nurse–led initiatives (e.g., needs assessments, educational assemblies,
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1. Salazar G, Tarwala G, Reznik M. School-based supervised therapy programs to improve asthma outcomes: current perspectives. J Asthma Allergy. 2018;11:205–215.
2. Cicutto L, To T, Murphy S. A randomized controlled trial of a public health nurse-delivered asthma program to elementary schools. J Sch Health. 2013;83(12):876–884.
3. Bruzzese JB, Sheares BJ, Vincent EJ, et al. Effects of a school-based intervention for urban adolescents with asthma. A controlled trial. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2011;183(8):998–1006.
Help Desk Answers provides answers to questions submitted by practicing family physicians to the Family Physicians Inquiries Network (FPIN). Members of the network select questions based on their relevance to family medicine. Answers are drawn from an approved set of evidence-based resources and undergo peer review. The strength of recommendations and the level of evidence for individual studies are rated using criteria developed by the Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group (https://www.cebm.net).
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