Choosing Wisely:

Don’t perform prolactin testing as part of the routine infertility evaluation in women with regular menses.

Rationale and Comments: It has become common practice to obtain prolactin levels in the routine infertility evaluation. However, there is no reason to expect that a woman would exhibit clinically significant, elevated prolactin levels in the presence of normal menstrual cycles and without galactorrhea (milk discharge from breast). Therefore, serum testing of prolactin levels in a normally menstruating woman without galactorrhea provides no benefit and would not impact clinical management.
Sponsoring Organizations:
  • American Society for Reproductive Medicine
  • Sources:
  • Expert consensus
  • Disciplines:
  • Gynecologic
  • References: • Glazener CM, Kelly NJ, Hull MG. Prolactin measurement in the investigation of infertility in women with a normal menstrual cycle. Br J Obstet Gynaecol. 1987 Jun;94(6):535–8.
    • Kostrzak A, Warenik-Szymankiewicz A, Meczekalski B. The role of serum PRL bioactivity evaluation in hyperprolactinaemic women with different menstrual disorders. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2009 Dec;25(12):799–806.

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