Immunizations (excluding Influenza)

Editors' Choice of Best Available Content

This collection features the best content from AFP, as identified by the AFP editors, on child and adult immunizations (excluding influenza) and related issues, including travel immunizations and specific immunizations (hepatitis A and B, herpes zoster, human papillomavirus, meningococcus, pertussis, pneumococcus, rotavirus, smallpox, varicella). New research may affect the interpretation and application of this material. Clinical judgment is advised. Note that AFP content published within the past two years is accessible to AAFP members and paid subscribers only.



Specific Immunizations

Editorials and Letters

Improving Practice

Patient Education, Self-Care

Other AFP Content

Other Resources from AAFP


02/15/2021 ACIP Approves 2021 Adult and Child/ Adolescent Immunization Schedules [Practice Guidelines]
12/01/2020 Immunogenicity of Childhood Vaccines after Pediatric Cancer [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]
06/15/2017 Vaccine Adverse Events: Separating Myth from Reality
09/15/2015 Update on Routine Childhood and Adolescent Immunizations Algorithm
11/01/2014 IDSA Releases Recommendations on Vaccinations in Immunocompromised Patients [Practice Guidelines]
11/01/2011 Update on Immunizations in Adults

Specific Immunizations

Hepatitis A and B

04/01/2008 FDA Approves Alternative Dosing Schedule for Combined Hepatitis Vaccine [Practice Guidelines]
08/15/2007 ACIP Releases Recommendations for Hepatitis B Vaccine Use in Adults [Practice Guidelines]
06/15/2006 ACIP Updates Recommendations for Immunization Against Hepatitis A Virus [Practice Guidelines]

Herpes Zoster

10/15/2018 Recombinant Zoster Vaccine (Shingrix) for the Prevention of Shingles [STEPS]
11/15/2017 Herpes Zoster and Postherpetic Neuralgia: Prevention and Management
11/01/2013 Prevention of Herpes Zoster in Older Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]
09/15/2011 Postherpetic Neuralgia [Clinical Evidence Handbook]
04/01/2009 ACIP Releases Guideline on Prevention of Herpes Zoster [Practice Guidelines]
06/15/2007 Herpes Zoster Virus Vaccine (Zostavax) for the Prevention of Shingles [STEPS]


08/01/2021 Human Papillomavirus: Screening, Testing, and Prevention
04/01/2019 HPV Vaccine for Prevention of High-Grade Precancerous Cervical Lesions [Medicine by the Numbers]
01/01/2019 Prophylactic Vaccination Against Human Papillomavirus to Prevent Cervical Cancer and Its Precursors [Cochrane for Clinicians]
09/15/2015 HPV Vaccination: Overcoming Parental and Physician Impediments [Editorials]
12/15/2010 Bivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Cervarix) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer [STEPS]
08/15/2007 Quadrivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Gardasil) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer [STEPS]


11/01/2007 ACIP Issues Revised Recommendations on Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine [Practice Guidelines]
11/15/2006 Tetravalent Meningococcal Conjugate Vaccine (Menactra) for the Prevention of Meningococcal Disease [STEPS]
11/15/2005 Prevention of Meningococcal Disease


08/01/2021 Pertussis: Common Questions and Answers
04/01/2019 Maternal Pertussis Vaccination During Pregnancy [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]
11/15/2011 CDC Releases Best Practices for the Use of PCR Testing for Diagnosing Pertussis [Practice Guidelines]
09/01/2011 Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children [Cochrane for Clinicians]
03/15/2009 ACIP Releases Guideline on Prevention of Pertussis, Tetanus, and Diptheria in Pregnant Women and Newborns [Practice Guidelines]
09/15/2007 ACIP Recommends the Use of Tdap in Adults [Practice Guidelines]


02/01/2020 Shared Decision-Making for Administering PCV13 in Older Adults [Editorials]
05/01/2018 Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccines [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]
04/01/2018 Pneumococcal Vaccines in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease [Medicine by the Numbers]


02/15/2010 AAP Updates Guidelines on Rotavirus Vaccination [Practice Guidelines]
10/01/2007 CDC Reports on Postmarketing Safety of the Rotateq Vaccine [Practice Guidelines]
03/15/2007 ACIP Recommends Routine Rotavirus Vaccinations in Infants and Children [Practice Guidelines]
09/15/2006 Rotavirus Vaccine, Live, Oral, Pentavalent (Rotateq) for Prevention of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis [STEPS]


09/01/2003 Smallpox Vaccine: Contraindications, Administration, and Adverse Reactions


09/01/2009 Vaccines for Postexposure Prophylaxis Against Varicella (Chicken Pox) [Cochrane for Clinicians]
11/01/2007 ACIP Recommendations for the Prevention of Varicella [Practice Guidelines]


09/15/2019 The Family Physician's Role in the Prevention of Measles [Editorials]
05/15/2014 Evidence to Guide Measles Immunization Recommendations [AFP Journal Club]

Respiratory Syncytial Virus

12/15/2014 AAP Issues Updated Guidance on Palivizumab Prophylaxis for RSV Infection [Practice Guidelines]

Editorials and Letters

08/15/2020 Immunizations in Pregnancy: Updated Recommendations [Editorials]
07/15/2016 Strategies for Addressing and Overcoming Vaccine Hesitancy [Editorials]
02/01/2014 What's New in Childhood Vaccines [Editorials]
11/01/2011 Improving Adult Immunization Rates: Overcoming Barriers [Editorials]
12/01/2008 Counseling Parents About Vaccine Safety [Editorials]
01/01/2007 HPV Vaccine: A Cornerstone of Female Health [Editorials]
12/15/2006 Family Physicians and Immunizations [Editorials]

Improving Practice

11/01/2015 Interventions Aimed at Increasing Childhood Vaccination Rates [Cochrane for Clinicians]

From FPM

AAFP's Peer-Reviewed Practice Improvement Journal

03/01/2015 Immunizations: How to Protect Patients and the Bottom Line
07/01/2014 Achieving Sustainable Increases in Childhood Immunization Rates
03/01/2014 Resolving Patients' Vaccination Uncertainty: Going From "No Thanks!" to "Of Course!"
01/01/2011 CPT Update for 2011: Immunizations, Observations, and More
09/01/2008 Vaccination Management: Is Your Practice on Target?
05/01/2007 Vaccine Administration: Making the Process More Efficient in Your Practice

Patient Education, Self-Care

06/15/2017 Vaccinations Patient Education
06/15/2011 Shingles (Herpes Zoster) Patient Education
06/01/2008 Vaccines for Your Child Patient Education


AAFP's Patient Information Resource

Childhood Vaccines: What They Are and Why Your Child Needs Them

Other AFP Content

09/15/2010 Autism and Childhood Vaccinations: Debunking the Myth [AFP Journal Club]
02/01/2003 A Mother Who Refuses to Vaccinate Her Child [Curbside Consultation]

Other Resources from AAFP

AAFP Adolescent Immunization Best Practices Summit
Provider Resources for Vaccine Conversations with Parents (CDC)
Conversations: Improving Adult Immunizations Rates Using Simple and Strong Recommendations
For Parents: Vaccines for Your Children (CDC)

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