AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION

POEMs: Patient-Oriented Evidence that Matters

POEMs (Patient-Oriented Evidence that Matters) are summaries of research that is relevant to physicians and their patients and meet three criteria: address a question that primary care physicians face in day-to-day practice; measure outcomes important to physicians and patients, including symptoms, morbidity, quality of life, and mortality; and have the potential to change the way physicians practice.

May 15, 2021 Issue
Screening Smokers for Lung Cancer with Low-Dose CT Decreases Lung Cancer Mortality
High-quality trials show that low-dose CT screening decreased lung cancer mortality in smokers.


May 15, 2021 Issue
SGLT2 Inhibitors Improve All-Cause and Cardiovascular Mortality in Patients Regardless of Diabetes or Heart Failure Status
What effect do sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have on mortality and cardiovascular and renal outcomes in patients with and without diabetes mellitus, heart failure, or kidney disease?


May 15, 2021 Issue
Early Introduction of Dietary Gluten Delays the Diagnosis of Celiac Disease in Breastfed Infants
The introduction of dietary allergens, including gluten, to exclusively breastfed infants at four months of age, compared with six months of age, delays the prevalence of celiac disease at three years of age.


May 15, 2021 Issue
Colchicine Reduces MI and Revascularization in Patients with Established Coronary Artery Disease
Colchicine, 0.5 mg daily, significantly reduces the risk of myocardial infarction and ischemia-driven revascularization.


Apr 1, 2021 Issue
In High-Risk Older Patients with Atrial Fibrillation, Rhythm Control Reduces Cardiovascular Death and Stroke, But at a Price
In high-risk older patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation, a strategy of rhythm control results in fewer cardiovascular deaths and fewer strokes.


Apr 1, 2021 Issue
Musculoskeletal Surgery for Nontraumatic Pain: Not a Great Analgesic
Musculoskeletal surgery is invaluable for unintentional injury. But for conditions associated with chronic pain (e.g., knee, shoulder, wrist, neck, back pain), even patients with objective changes on imaging that need intervention will not have better long-term pain relief with surgery compared with no surgery.


Apr 1, 2021 Issue
iCanQuit Smartphone App Is Effective in Helping with Smoking Cessation
Use of the iCanQuit smartphone app by smokers, who were recruited through Facebook and other Internet tools, produced higher cessation rates at 12 months (28.2%) than the QuitGuide app (21.1%).


Apr 1, 2021 Issue
Three Strategies Are Effective in Managing Patients with Medication Overuse Headaches
Achieving cure from medication overuse headaches after six months was likely regardless of strategy: detoxification (discontinuation of analgesic) plus pharmacologic prophylaxis, pharmacologic prophylaxis without withdrawal, or detoxification with pharmacologic preventive therapy delayed for two months.


Mar 1, 2021 Issue
Low-Dose Edoxaban Effective for Stroke Prevention in Older Patients with Atrial Fibrillation
A lower dose of edoxaban is effective in decreasing stroke and systemic embolism in older patients with atrial fibrillation compared with placebo.


Mar 1, 2021 Issue
HPV Vaccine, Especially Before Age 17, Is Associated with a Large Reduction in Invasive Cervical Cancer
HPV vaccination is associated with a significant reduction in the likelihood of invasive cervical cancer.


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