AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION

Medicine by the Numbers

From The NNT Group (thennt.com), these provide short, concise, evidence-based ratings of therapies, diagnostic tests, and risk assessments commonly used in family medicine. These rating are based on patient-important benefits and harms.

Jan 01, 2022 Issue
Reduction in Saturated Fat Intake for Cardiovascular Disease
Learn more about the effects of reducing saturated fat intake on cardiovascular disease risk.


Dec 01, 2021 Issue
Probiotics for Preventing Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea
Learn more about probiotics for preventing antibiotic-associated diarrhea.


Nov 01, 2021 Issue
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug Injections for Trigger Finger
Learn more about nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug injections for trigger finger.


Oct 01, 2021 Issue
Ultrasound Guidance for the Placement of Peripheral Intravenous Catheters
Learn more about ultrasound guidance for the placement of peripheral intravenous catheters.


Sep 01, 2021 Issue
Comparison of Treatment Regimens for Helicobacter pylori Infection
A network meta-analysis found that vonoprazan-based triple therapy and reverse hybrid therapy demonstrated the highest overall cure rates and SUCRA values; however, among Western countries, levofloxacin-based triple therapy had the highest cure rate and SUCRA value. Standard triple therapy was the least effective regimen overall.


Aug 01, 2021 Issue
Accuracy of Ultrasonography for the Diagnosis of Small Bowel Obstruction
According to a meta-analysis including prospective observational studies evaluating the accuracy of ultrasonography for the diagnosis of small bowel obstruction, ultrasonography appears to be highly sensitive and specific for this use.


Jul 01, 2021 Issue
Levonorgestrel-Releasing Intrauterine System for Regression of Endometrial Hyperplasia
A Cochrane review compared the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system with progesterone for the treatment of endometrial hyperplasia.


Jun 1, 2021 Issue
Oxytocin as First-line Uterotonic Therapy for Postpartum Hemorrhage
Oxytocin decreases the chances of a blood transfusion and has fewer adverse effects compared with misoprostol.


May 1, 2021 Issue
Ibuprofen vs. Acetaminophen for Fever or Pain in Children Younger Than Two Years
A meta-analysis found that ibuprofen is more effective than acetaminophen in reducing fever and pain in children younger than two years, although further study is needed to evaluate combination therapy, dosing, and use in children younger than six months.


Apr 1, 2021 Issue
Treatment of Distal DVT
A Cochrane review demonstrated that anticoagulation was effective and superior to observation for deep venous thrombosis; however, given the quality of the evidence, the benefits are unclear.


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