AFP DEPARTMENT COLLECTION
Medicine by the Numbers
From The NNT Group, these provide short, concise, evidence-based ratings of therapies, diagnostic tests, and risk assessments commonly used in family medicine. These rating are based on patient-important benefits and harms.
Jan 1, 2019 Issue
Liberal vs. Conservative Oxygen Therapy in the Acutely Ill
This review compares liberal and conservative oxygen therapy in acutely ill adults and their effect on mortality (in-hospital, 30-day, and longest follow-up) and morbidity (disability at longest follow-up, risk of hospital-acquired pneumonia, any hospital-acquired infection, and length of hospital stay).
Dec 1, 2018 Issue
Early Invasive Management of Acute Coronary Syndromes
Does early invasive management help patients with unstable angina or acute non–ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) in reducing occurence of death, myocardial infarction, angina symptoms, and rehospitalization at six- to 12-month follow-up? Find out.
Nov 1, 2018 Issue
Effectiveness of Intrapartum Antibiotics for Meconium-Stained Amniotic Fluid
This review concluded that there is insufficient evidence to recommend prophylactic intrapartum antibiotics in laboring women with meconium-stained amniotic fluid because of the lack of difference in rates of neonatal sepsis between the antibiotic and placebo groups.
Oct 1, 2018 Issue
Hormone Therapy for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Postmenopausal Women
No benefit was observed in postmenopausal women receiving hormone therapy for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Find out more.
Sep 1, 2018 Issue
Chewing Gum for Reducing Post-Cesarean Section Ileus
Although the current body of literature suggests a need for higher-quality, more robust research, the simplicity, frugality, and safety of chewing gum makes it a viable option to offer women undergoing cesarean section.
Aug 1, 2018 Issue
Terbinafine for Onychomycosis
Preliminary evidence indicates that combining terbinafine with an azole appears to be superior to terbinafine alone. Further study is necessary to compare combined treatment with terbinafine plus an azole vs. terbinafine alone.
Jul 15, 2018 Issue
The Risk of Cardiovascular Disease, Fracture, Dementia, and Cancer After Long-Term Hormone Therapy in Perimenopausal and Postmenopausal Women
Long-term hormone therapy decreased the risk of all fractures, including hip and vertebral fractures. However, the risks far outweighed the benefits of this intervention.
Jul 1, 2018 Issue
Nebulized Hypertonic Saline for Bronchiolitis
Despite reported benefits associated with the use of hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis, we have chosen a yellow recommendation because the more recent trials and systematic reviews have shown either much smaller effect size or no benefit at all compared with the older trials. Learn more.