ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Jan 1, 2018 Issue
Dietary Interventions for Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Childhood [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Probiotics relieve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain in the short term (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8). There is no convincing evidence that fiber supplements improve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain.
The initial assessment of a child with acute abdominal pain should aim to identify the severity of the pain and whether the child has a condition that is likely to require surgery. A complete physical examination, as well as auscultation of bowel sounds, laboratory testing, and imaging, can reveal important signs and symptoms needed to make a diagnosis.
Find out which history and physical examination findings can help narrow the differential diagnosis, and which imaging and laboratory tests are most helpful.
Review the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria for choosing the optimal imaging method for abdominal pain. Decisions are guided by the location of the pain and suspected diagnosis.
Peptic ulcer disease is usually caused by Helicobacter pylori infection or use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Find out how to diagnose the cause, as well as the available treatment options.
Which diagnostic and treatment options are best for symptomatic and asymptomatic disease?
Uncomplicated diverticulitis is localized diverticular inflammation, whereas complicated diverticulitis is diverticular inflammation associated with an abscess, phlegmon, fistula, obstruction, bleeding, or perforation. Patients with acute diverticulitis may present with left lower quadrant pain, ten...
Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.
Irritable bowel syndrome is defined as abdominal discomfort or pain associated with altered bowel habits for at least three days per month in the previous three months, with the absence of organic disease. In North America, the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome is 5 to 10 percent with peak prev...
Dyspepsia affects up to 40 percent of adults each year and is often diagnosed as functional (nonulcer) dyspepsia. The defining symptoms are postprandial fullness, early satiation, or epigastric pain or burning in the absence of causative structural disease. These symptoms may coexist with symptoms o...