ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:
Although recurrent abdominal pain in children is most often considered functional or nonorganic, organic causes are sometimes found. Certain signs and symptoms warrant further workup. Management focuses on improving quality of life, reducing parent and child concerns about the seriousness of the disease, and reducing the disability associated with pain rather than complete resolution of pain. Learn the signs and symptoms that warrant further workup and about possible therapies.
Pathologic diseases, besides GERD, are becoming more prevalent and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with symptoms of esophageal dysfunction.
Jan 1, 2018 Issue
Dietary Interventions for Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Childhood [Cochrane for Clinicians]
Probiotics relieve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain in the short term (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8). There is no convincing evidence that fiber supplements improve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain.
The initial assessment of a child with acute abdominal pain should aim to identify the severity of the pain and whether the child has a condition that is likely to require surgery. A complete physical examination, as well as auscultation of bowel sounds, laboratory testing, and imaging, can reveal important signs and symptoms needed to make a diagnosis.
Find out which history and physical examination findings can help narrow the differential diagnosis, and which imaging and laboratory tests are most helpful.
Review the American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria for choosing the optimal imaging method for abdominal pain. Decisions are guided by the location of the pain and suspected diagnosis.
Peptic ulcer disease is usually caused by Helicobacter pylori infection or use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Find out how to diagnose the cause, as well as the available treatment options.
Which diagnostic and treatment options are best for symptomatic and asymptomatic disease?
Uncomplicated diverticulitis is localized diverticular inflammation, whereas complicated diverticulitis is diverticular inflammation associated with an abscess, phlegmon, fistula, obstruction, bleeding, or perforation. Patients with acute diverticulitis may present with left lower quadrant pain, ten...
Photo Quiz presents readers with a clinical challenge based on a photograph or other image.