ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Anemia

Jun 15, 2011 Issue
Update on Vitamin B12 Deficiency [Article]

Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency is a common cause of megaloblastic anemia, a variety of neuropsychiatric symp- toms, and elevated serum homocysteine levels, especially in older persons. There are a number of risk factors for vitamin B12 deficiency, including prolonged use of metformin and proton ...


Mar 1, 2011 Issue
AAP Reports on Diagnosis and Prevention of Iron Deficiency Anemia [Practice Guidelines]

Iron is the most common single-nutrient deficiency among children in developing countries and is a common cause of anemia in industrialized nations. A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) provides information on the diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency anemia.


Nov 1, 2010 Issue
Evaluation of Microcytosis [Article]

Microcytosis is typically an incidental finding in asymptomatic patients who received a complete blood count for other reasons. The condition is defined as a mean corpuscular volume of less than 80 ┬Ám3 (80 fL) in adults. The most common causes of microcytosis are iron deficiency anemia and thalassem...


Sep 1, 2010 Issue
Anemia in Older Persons [Article]

Anemia in older persons is commonly overlooked despite mounting evidence that low hemoglobin levels are a significant marker of physiologic decline. Using the World Health Organization definition of anemia (hemoglobin level less than 13 g per dL [130 g per L] in men and less than 12 g per dL [120 g ...


Jun 15, 2010 Issue
Evaluation of Anemia in Children [Article]

Anemia is defined as a hemoglobin level of less than the 5th percentile for age. Causes vary by age. Most children with anemia are asymptomatic, and the condition is detected on screening laboratory evaluation. Screening is recommended only for high-risk children. Anemia is classified as microcyti...


May 15, 2009 Issue
Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia-Including Iron Supplementation for Children and Pregnant Women [Putting Prevention into Practice]

Case study: H.H., a 25-year-old woman, comes to your office with her six-month-old son during her first trimester of pregnancy. She is taking a prenatal vitamin and asks whether she should also take an iron supplement. There is a family history of anemia, and H.H. would like to be tested.


Feb 1, 2009 Issue
Evaluation of Macrocytosis [Article]

Macrocytosis, generally defined as a mean corpuscular volume greater than 100 fL, is frequently encountered when a complete blood count is performed. The most common etiologies are alcoholism, vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies, and medications. History and physical examination, vitamin B12 level, ...


Mar 1, 2007 Issue
Iron Deficiency Anemia [Article]

The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia is 2 percent in adult men, 9 to 12 percent in non-Hispanic white women, and nearly 20 percent in black and Mexican-American women. Nine percent of patients older than 65 years with iron deficiency anemia have a gastrointestinal cancer when evaluated. The U.S....


Aug 1, 2006 Issue
Screening for Iron Deficiency Anemia, Including Iron Supplementations for Children and Pregnant Women: Recommendation Statement [U.S. Preventive Services Task Force]

This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for iron deficiency anemia and the supporting scientific evidence.


Oct 1, 2005 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of G6PD Deficiency [Article]

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, the most common enzyme deficiency worldwide, causes a spectrum of disease including neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, acute hemolysis, and chronic hemolysis. Persons with this condition also may be asymptomatic. This X-linked inherited disorder most commonly ...


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