Animal-Related Diseases

Jan 15, 2019 Issue
Animal Bites, Fall Risk, Croup, Scoliosis, Recurrent VTE, Postpartum Perineal Pain [AFP Clinical Answers]

Key clinical questions and their evidence-based answers directly from the journal’s content, written by and for family physicians.

May 1, 2018 Issue
Primary Closure of Animal Bites [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

Dog bites can have a primary closure at the time of injury. Primary closure of dog bites does not increase the rate of wound infections compared with nonclosure.

Nov 15, 2016 Issue
Pet-Related Infections [Article]

Pets can be a source of infection in patients, but there are misconceptions about the risks they pose and whether rehoming an animal is required if zoonotic disease is present. Asking about exposure to animals can help narrow a diagnosis and avoid future illness.

Mar 1, 2016 Issue
Human-Animal Health Interactions: The Role of One Health [Editorials]

The underlying principle of the One Health initiative is that physicians and veterinarians should work collaboratively for optimal global human and animal health. Such collaboration crosses medical, scientific, and sociopolitical subdisciplines, and thus creates more efficient and productive outcomes.

Aug 15, 2014 Issue
Dog and Cat Bites [Article]

Most animal bites are from a dog, usually one known to the victim. Cat bites are less common but are more likely to cause infection Learn about proper treatment and prophylaxis for animal bites.

May 15, 2014 Issue
Treatment of Jellyfish Envenomation [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]

There is limited patient-oriented evidence upon which to base recommendations for treatment of jellyfish envenomation. Patients should be removed from the water, and an attempt should be made to prevent the discharge of adherent nematocysts (i.e., microscopic stinging cells), remove tentacles from the affected area, and treat pain.

Dec 15, 2013 Issue
Arthropod Bites [Article]

The phylum Arthropoda includes arachnids and insects. Although their bites typically cause only local reactions, some species are venomous or transmit disease. The two medically important spiders in the United States are widow spiders (Latrodectus), the bite of which causes intense muscle spasms, an...

Oct 1, 2012 Issue
Bedbug Infestation [Article]

The significant resurgence of bedbugs in the past decade has been attributed to pesticide resistance, more frequent travel, lack of public awareness, and inadequate pest control programs. Bedbugs are obligate blood parasites (insect family Cimicidae). They can withstand a large range of temperatures...

Jan 15, 2011 Issue
Cat-scratch Disease [Article]

Cat-scratch disease is a common infection that usually presents as tender lymphadenopathy. It should be included in the differential diagnosis of fever of unknown origin and any lymphadenopathy syndrome. Asymptomatic, bactere- mic cats with Bartonella henselae in their saliva serve as vectors by bit...

Oct 15, 2009 Issue
Envenomations: An Overview of Clinical Toxinology for the Primary Care Physician [Article]

About 4,000 to 6,000 venomous snakebites occur each year in the United States. Although these envenomations (also known as envenomings) are rarely fatal, about 70 percent require antivenom therapy. Few evidence-based guidelines are available for the management of envenomation. Antivenom therapy is t...

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