ITEMS IN AFP WITH KEYWORD:

Arthritis and Joint Pain

Jul 1, 2003 Issue
Diagnosing Acute Monoarthritis in Adults: A Practical Approach for the Family Physician [Article]

Acute monoarthritis can be the initial manifestation of many joint disorders. The first step in diagnosis is to verify that the source of pain is the joint, not the surrounding soft tissues. The most common causes of monoarthritis are crystals (i.e., gout and pseudogout), trauma, and infection. A ca...


Mar 15, 2002 Issue
Clinical Utility of Common Serum Rheumatologic Tests [Article]

Serum rheumatologic tests are generally most useful for confirming a clinically suspected diagnosis. Testing for rheumatoid factor is appropriate when rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome or cryoglobulinemia is suspected. Antinuclear antibody testing is highly sensitive for systemic lupus eryth...


Mar 1, 2002 Issue
Osteoarthritis: Diagnosis and Therapeutic Considerations [Article]

Osteoarthritis is a common rheumatologic disorder. It is estimated that 40 million Americans and 70 to 90 percent of persons older than 75 years are affected by osteoarthritis. Although symptoms of osteoarthritis occur earlier in women, the prevalence among men and women is equal. In addition to age...


Jul 15, 2001 Issue
Radiographic Assessment of Osteoarthritis [Article]

Osteoarthritis is one of the most prevalent and disabling chronic conditions affecting older adults and a significant public health problem among adults of working age. As the bulk of the U.S. population ages, the prevalence of osteoarthritis is expected to rise. Although the incidence of osteoarthr...


Aug 1, 2000 Issue
Intra-articular Hyaluronic Acid Injections for Knee Osteoarthritis [Article]

Knee osteoarthritis is a common but often difficult problem to manage in primary care. Traditional nonsurgical management, consisting of lifestyle modification, physical therapy and pharmacologic therapy (e.g., analgesics, anti-inflammatory medications), is often ineffective or leaves residual sympt...


Mar 15, 2000 Issue
Osteoarthritis: Current Concepts in Diagnosis and Management [Article]

Most patients with osteoarthritis seek medical attention because of pain. The safest initial approach is to use a simple oral analgesic such as acetaminophen (perhaps in conjunction with topical therapy). If pain relief is inadequate, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or intra-articular inje...


Aug 01, 1999 Issue
Reactive Arthritis (Reiter's Syndrome) [Article]

Reactive arthritis, also called Reiter's syndrome, is the most common type of inflammatory polyarthritis in young men. It is sometimes the first manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus infection. An HLA-B27 genotype is a predisposing factor in over two thirds of patients with reactive arthriti...


Apr 1, 1999 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of Gout [Article]

Gout is a disease resulting from the deposition of urate crystals caused by the overproduction or underexcretion of uric acid. The disease is often, but not always, associated with elevated serum uric acid levels. Clinical manifestations include acute and chronic arthritis, tophi, interstitial renal...


Feb 15, 1999 Issue
Gout and Hyperuricemia [Article]

Gout is a condition characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the joints or soft tissue. The four phases of gout include asymptomatic hyperuricemia, acute gouty arthritis, intercritical gout and chronic tophaceous gout. The peak incidence occurs in patients 30 to 50 years old, ...


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