Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Sep 1, 2019 Issue
Use of Amphetamines for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Amphetamines provide a clinician-rated 30% or greater reduction in ADHD symptoms when compared with placebo (number needed to treat = 5).

Jun 1, 2019 Issue
Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Screening and Evaluation [FPIN's Help Desk Answers]

The Conners Abbreviated Symptom Questionnaire has the best combination of positive and negative likelihood ratios.

Feb 1, 2019 Issue
Digital Media Use Associated with ADHD Symptom Development Among Adolescents [POEMs]

High school students who reported a high frequency (many times per day) of digital media use (e.g., social networking, streaming movies or music, texting) were significantly more likely to self-report symptoms of ADHD over two years of follow-up (10% higher symptom reporting rate).

Sep 1, 2015 Issue
Tricyclic Antidepressants for the Treatment of ADHD in Children and Adolescents [Cochrane for Clinicians]

TCAs, specifically desipramine and nortriptyline (Pamelor), are superior to placebo at reducing ADHD symptoms in the short term (two to six weeks); however, the quality of evidence is low. Increased heart rate and diastolic blood pressure may be noted with treatment.

Apr 1, 2015 Issue
Immediate-Release Methylphenidate for the Treatment of ADHD in Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]

In adults with ADHD, immediate-release methylphenidate improves symptoms of hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and inattentiveness compared with placebo. Short-term adverse effects such as weight loss and decreased appetite do not appear to be serious. However, larger studies of longer duration are needed to evaluate for cardiovascular outcomes.

Oct 1, 2014 Issue
Diagnosis and Management of ADHD in Children [Article]

Learn how to appropriately evaluate for ADHD and what treatments work for different age groups.

Sep 15, 2013 Issue
Management of ADHD in Preschool-Aged Children [FPIN's Clinical Inquiries]

Behavior therapy interventions, such as parent training, are first-line treatment for ADHD in preschool-aged children (three to five years of age). Medication is an option for children with moderate to severe ADHD if behavior therapy has not been effective and if the benefits outweigh the harms.

Aug 15, 2013 Issue
ADHD Interventions in Children Younger Than Six Years [Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews]

What are the potential benefits and adverse effects associated with treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in preschool-aged children (younger than six years)?

Jan 1, 2013 Issue
AAP Releases Guideline on Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of ADHD [Practice Guidelines]

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) first published guidelines on the diagnosis and evaluation of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in 2000, with recommendations for treatment published in 2001. Based on new data collected since then, the AAP released new guidelines in 2011, which...

Sep 1, 2012 Issue
Amphetamines for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Adults [Cochrane for Clinicians]

Amphetamines improve ADHD symptom severity but, when compared with placebo, they are associated with increased discontinuation rates because of adverse effects. There does not appear to be a difference among dosages or between the immediate- and sustained-release formulations.

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